Iodine is an essential mineral that may play a role in the functioning of the thyroid gland.* The thyroid gland is responsible for producing specific types of hormones that may help regulate metabolism, energy levels, and overall well-being.
An explanation of the thyroid role
The thyroid is a small butterfly-shaped gland located in the front of the neck. It is a part of the endocrine system, which produces hormones that regulate various bodily functions. For example, the thyroid gland produces two main hormones: triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine (T4). These hormones regulate the body's metabolism, which includes how the body uses energy and how quickly the body burns calories.
The thyroid gland also produces a hormone called calcitonin, which helps regulate calcium levels in the blood. The hormones produced by the thyroid gland are regulated by the hypothalamus and pituitary gland, which are located in the brain. The hypothalamus releases thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH), which signals the pituitary gland to release thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH). TSH then signals the thyroid gland to produce and release T3 and T4.
When the thyroid gland is not producing enough hormones, it is called hypothyroidism. Symptoms of hypothyroidism include fatigue, weight gain, cold intolerance, and depression. Conversely, when the thyroid gland produces too many hormones, it is called hyperthyroidism. Symptoms of hyperthyroidism may include weight loss, nervousness, and a rapid heartbeat.*
It is sometimes difficult to get enough iodine through diet alone, which is why supplementing with iodine may be an option to consider.
Iodine supplements may offer the body with an additional source of iodine. The body absorbs iodine from supplements in the same way as it does from food. Once absorbed, iodine is transported to the thyroid gland where it is used to produce thyroid hormones. The amount of iodine that the body needs varies depending on the individual,
When it comes to iodine supplements, there are several options available, including tablets, capsules, and drops. The form of iodine supplement you choose will depend on your personal preferences and needs. Tablets and capsules are easy to take and can be taken with water or food. However, they may not be as easily absorbed by the body as liquid supplements.
When choosing an iodine supplement, it's important to look for a high-quality product to ensure purity and potency. It's also important to consider the dosage of the supplement. The recommended daily intake of iodine is generally between 150-290 mcg for adults, but this might differ for each individual, as mentioned above.
In summary, when choosing an iodine supplement, it's important to consider the form of the supplement, the purity and potency of the product, and the dosage.
As always, talk to your doctor before taking any supplements. Get professional advice if you think you might need an iodine supplement or are already taking one to ensure you're not exceeding the amounts you may need.