Zoom Organic Black Elderberry Liquid Drops Vitamins Syrup, Kids-Friendly, Immunity Support Vegan Vitamin D3, Vitamin C & Zinc Supplement
Zoom Codeage Elderberry Syrup Immune Complex Vitamin C & D Zinc Liquid Supplement

Organic Black Elderberry Liquid Syrup.

Black Elderberry With Black Currant, Vitamin C, Vegan D3 & Zinc
    $29.99
    15 reviews
    Kids Friendly

    Description

    Product Details

    • Organic black elderberry fruit as a source of vitamins and flavonoids 
    • Organic black currant fruit as a source of polyphenols
    • 2 sources of vitamin C: Quali®-C vitamin C as well as Organic Acerola Cherries
    • Plant-based vegan vitamin D3 from Wild Harvested Lichen
    • Zinc as TRAAC® Zinc Bisglycinate Chelate
    • Vegan black sambucus supplement & vitamins drops
    • This liquid and organic elderberries supplement is vegan & non-GMO
    • No artificial flavors, colors, sweeteners, or preservatives
    • No added sugar
    • Can be used by both adults and kids
    • Third-party tested
    • Manufactured in the USA in a cGMP-certified facility
    • Also exists in capsules

    Featured Ingredients

    Organic Black Elderberry Fruit

    A source of anthocyanidins and bioflavonoids*

    Organic Black Currant Fruit

    A source of polyphenols and vitamin C

    Vitamin C

    From Quali®-C and organic acerola cherries

     

     

    Vegan Vitamin D3

    From wild-harvested lichen 

    Zinc

    An essential element 

    2 months supply

    This elderberry potion comes in a pink red color. It’s naturally sweet with no sugar added, making it a delight to drink. The organic ingredients, the addition of vitamins and fruits, allow for a very smooth experience. Don’t overindulge.

    Suggested use

    Adults take 2ml (60 drops) daily with water or directly (this corresponds approximately to 2 to 3 droppers per serving). Children could use up to 0.5ml (15 drops) but only under the supervision of adults.

    See caution

    CAUTION: Do not exceed recommended dose. As with any dietary supplement, always consult your healthcare practitioner before using this product, especially if you are 12 and under, pregnant, nursing, seniors ages 65+, allergic, taking any medications, or are otherwise under medical supervision. Store in a cool, dry place. Do not use if product has been opened or tampered with in any way. Keep out of reach of children and pets. Use this product as a food supplement only. Do not use for weight reduction.

    Additional Details

    2 months supply

    This elderberry potion comes in a pink red color. It’s naturally sweet with no sugar added, making it a delight to drink. The organic ingredients, the addition of vitamins and fruits, allow for a very smooth experience. Don’t overindulge.

    See all ingredients

    Ingredients:

    Vitamin C (as Quali®-C & Organic Acerola Cherries), Vitamin D3 (from Wild Harvested Lichen), Zinc (as TRAACS® Zinc Bisglycinate Chelate), Organic Black Elderberry Fruit, Organic Black Currant Fruit. Other Ingredients: Organic Vegetable Glycerin, Organic Raspberry & Blueberry Flavor, Organic Citric Acid.

    Pairs With

    References

    Organic Black Elderberry Fruit

    Porter, Randall & Bode, Robert. (2017). A Review of the Antiviral Properties of Black Elder ( Sambucus nigra L.) Products: Antiviral Properties of Black Elder ( Sambucus nigra L.). Phytotherapy Research. 31. DOI: 10.1002/ptr.5782 

    Porter, R. S., & Bode, R. F. (2017). A Review of the Antiviral Properties of Black Elder (Sambucus nigra L.) Products. Phytotherapy research : PTR, 31(4), 533554. DOI: 10.1002/ptr.5782

    See more

    Zakay-Rones, Z., Thom, E., Wollan, T., & Wadstein, J. (2004). Randomized study of the efficacy and safety of oral elderberry extract in the treatment of influenza A and B virus infections. The Journal of international medical research, 32(2), 132140. DOI: 10.1177/147323000403200205

    Zakay-Rones, Z., Varsano, N., Zlotnik, M., Manor, O., Regev, L., Schlesinger, M., & Mumcuoglu, M. (1995). Inhibition of several strains of influenza virus in vitro and reduction of symptoms by an elderberry extract (Sambucus nigra L.) during an outbreak of influenza B Panama. Journal of alternative and complementary medicine (New York, N.Y.), 1(4), 361369. DOI: 10.1089/acm.1995.1.361

    Tiralongo E, Wee SS, Lea RA. Elderberry Supplementation Reduces Cold Duration and Symptoms in Air-Travellers: A Randomized, Double-Blind Placebo-Controlled Clinical Trial. Nutrients. 2016;8(4):182. Published 2016 Mar 24. doi: 10.3390/nu8040182

    Krawitz, C., Mraheil, M. A., Stein, M., Imirzalioglu, C., Domann, E., Pleschka, S., & Hain, T. (2011). Inhibitory activity of a standardized elderberry liquid extract against clinically-relevant human respiratory bacterial pathogens and influenza A and B viruses. BMC complementary and alternative medicine, 11, 16. DOI: 10.1186/1472-6882-11-16

    Vlachojannis, J. E., Cameron, M., & Chrubasik, S. (2010). A systematic review on the sambuci fructus effect and efficacy profiles. Phytotherapy research : PTR, 24(1), 18. DOI: 10.1002/ptr.2729

    Hawkins, J., Baker, C., Cherry, L., & Dunne, E. (2019). Black elderberry (Sambucus nigra) supplementation effectively treats upper respiratory symptoms: A meta-analysis of randomized, controlled clinical trials. Complementary therapies in medicine, 42, 361365. DOI: 10.1016/j.ctim.2018.12.004

    Młynarczyk, Karolina & Walkowiak-Tomczak, Dorota & Lysiak, Grzegorz. (2018). Bioactive properties of Sambucus nigra L. As a functional ingredient for food and pharmaceutical industry. Journal of Functional Foods. 40. 377-390. DOI: 10.1016/j.jff.2017.11.025

    Młynarczyk, K., Walkowiak-Tomczak, D., Staniek, H., Kidoń, M., & Łysiak, G. P. (2020). The Content of Selected Minerals, Bioactive Compounds, and the Antioxidant Properties of the Flowers and Fruit of Selected Cultivars and Wildly Growing Plants of Sambucus nigra L. Molecules (Basel, Switzerland), 25(4), 876. DOI: 10.3390/molecules25040876

    Chen, C., Zuckerman, D. M., Brantley, S., Sharpe, M., Childress, K., Hoiczyk, E., & Pendleton, A. R. (2014). Sambucus nigra extracts inhibit infectious bronchitis virus at an early point during replication. BMC veterinary research, 10, 24. DOI: 10.1186/1746-6148-10-24

    Della Volpe, A., Ricci, G., Ralli, M., Gambacorta, V., De Lucia, A., Minni, A., Pirozzi, C., Paccone, M., Pastore, V., & Di Stadio, A. (2019). The effects of oral supplements with Sambucus nigra, Zinc, Tyndallized Lactobacillus acidophilus (HA122), Arabinogalactans, vitamin D, vitamin E and vitamin C in otitis media with effusion in children: a randomized controlled trial. European review for medical and pharmacological sciences, 23(14), 63606370. DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_201907_18460

    Viapiana, A., & Wesolowski, M. (2017). The Phenolic Contents and Antioxidant Activities of Infusions of Sambucus nigra L. Plant foods for human nutrition (Dordrecht, Netherlands), 72(1), 8287. DOI: 10.1007/s11130-016-0594-x

    Badescu, M., Badulescu, O., Badescu, L., & Ciocoiu, M. (2015). Effects of Sambucus nigra and Aronia melanocarpa extracts on immune system disorders within diabetes mellitus. Pharmaceutical biology, 53(4), 533539. DOI: 10.3109/13880209.2014.931441

    Pliszka B. (2017). Polyphenolic content, antiradical activity, stability and microbiological quality of elderberry (Sambucus nigra L.) extracts. Acta scientiarum polonorum. Technologia alimentaria, 16(4), 393401. DOI: 10.17306/J.AFS.0523

    Tundis, R., Ursino, C., Bonesi, M., Loizzo, M. R., Sicari, V., Pellicanò, T., Manfredi, I. L., Figoli, A., & Cassano, A. (2019). Flower and Leaf Extracts of Sambucus nigra L.: Application of Membrane Processes to Obtain Fractions with Antioxidant and Antityrosinase Properties. Membranes, 9(10), 127. DOI: 10.3390/membranes9100127

    Kinoshita, E., Hayashi, K., Katayama, H., Hayashi, T., & Obata, A. (2012). Anti-influenza virus effects of elderberry juice and its fractions. Bioscience, biotechnology, and biochemistry, 76(9), 16331638. DOI: 10.1271/bbb.120112

    Organic Black Currant Fruit

    Laczkó-Zöld, E., Komlósi, A., Ülkei, T., Fogarasi, E., Croitoru, M., Fülöp, I., Domokos, E., Ştefănescu, R., & Varga, E. (2018). Extractability of polyphenols from black currant, red currant and gooseberry and their antioxidant activity. Acta biologica Hungarica, 69(2), 156169. DOI: 10.1556/018.69.2018.2.5

    Branković, S., Miladinović, B., Radenković, M., Gočmanac Ignjatović, M., Kostić, M., Šavikin, K., & Kitić, D. (2016). Hypotensive, cardiodepressant, and vasorelaxant activities of black currant (Ribes nigrum 'Ben Sarek') juice. Canadian journal of physiology and pharmacology, 94(10), 11021105. DOI: 10.1139/cjpp-2015-0584

    Ambrożewicz, E., Augustyniak, A., Gęgotek, A., Bielawska, K., & Skrzydlewska, E. (2013). Black-currant protection against oxidative stress formation. Journal of toxicology and environmental health. Part A, 76(23), 12931306. DOI: 10.1080/15287394.2013.850762

    Antolak, H., Czyzowska, A., & Kregiel, D. (2016). Black Currant (Ribes nigrum L.) and Bilberry (Vaccinium myrtillus L.) Fruit Juices Inhibit Adhesion of Asaia spp. BioMed research international, 2016, 3671306. DOI: 10.1155/2016/3671306

    Gopalan, A., Reuben, S. C., Ahmed, S., Darvesh, A. S., Hohmann, J., & Bishayee, A. (2012). The health benefits of blackcurrants. Food & function, 3(8), 795809. DOI: 10.1039/c2fo30058c

    Yang, W., Kortesniemi, M., Ma, X., Zheng, J., & Yang, B. (2019). Enzymatic acylation of blackcurrant (Ribes nigrum) anthocyanins and evaluation of lipophilic properties and antioxidant capacity of derivatives. Food chemistry, 281, 189196. DOI: 10.1016/j.foodchem.2018.12.111

    Slimestad, R., & Solheim, H. (2002). Anthocyanins from black currants (Ribes nigrum L.). Journal of agricultural and food chemistry, 50(11), 32283231. DOI: 10.1021/jf011581u

    Harborne, J. B., & Williams, C. A. (2001). Anthocyanins and other flavonoids. Natural product reports, 18(3), 310333. DOI: 10.1039/b006257j

    Butnariu M. (2014). Detection of the polyphenolic components in Ribes nigrum L. Annals of agricultural and environmental medicine : AAEM, 21(1), 1114. PMID: 24742033

    Bishayee, A., Háznagy-Radnai, E., Mbimba, T., Sipos, P., Morazzoni, P., Darvesh, A. S., Bhatia, D., & Hohmann, J. (2010). Anthocyanin-rich black currant extract suppresses the growth of human hepatocellular carcinoma cells. Natural product communications, 5(10), 16131618. PMID: 21121259

    Edirisinghe, I., Banaszewski, K., Cappozzo, J., McCarthy, D., & Burton-Freeman, B. M. (2011). Effect of black currant anthocyanins on the activation of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) in vitro in human endothelial cells. Journal of agricultural and food chemistry, 59(16), 86168624. DOI: 10.1021/jf201116y

    Cook, M. D., & Willems, M. (2019). Dietary Anthocyanins: A Review of the Exercise Performance Effects and Related Physiological Responses. International journal of sport nutrition and exercise metabolism, 29(3), 322330. DOI: 10.1123/ijsnem.2018-0088

    Desjardins, J., Tanabe, S., Bergeron, C., Gafner, S., & Grenier, D. (2012). Anthocyanin-rich black currant extract and cyanidin-3-O-glucoside have cytoprotective and anti-inflammatory properties. Journal of medicinal food, 15(12), 10451050. DOI: 10.1089/jmf.2011.0316

    Tung, Y. T., Wu, M. F., Lee, M. C., Wu, J. H., Huang, C. C., & Huang, W. C. (2019). Antifatigue Activity and Exercise Performance of Phenolic-Rich Extracts from Calendula officinalis, Ribes nigrum, and Vaccinium myrtillus. Nutrients, 11(8), 1715. DOI: 10.3390/nu11081715

    Cortez, R. E., & Gonzalez de Mejia, E. (2019). Blackcurrants (Ribes nigrum): A Review on Chemistry, Processing, and Health Benefits. Journal of food science, 84(9), 23872401. DOI: 10.1111/1750-3841.14781

    Vitamin C

    Prakash, A., & Baskaran, R. (2018). Acerola, an untapped functional superfruit: a review on latest frontiers. Journal of food science and technology, 55(9), 33733384. doi: 10.1007/s13197-018-3309-5

    Mezadri, T., Fernández-Pachón, M. S., Villaño, D., García-Parrilla, M. C., & Troncoso, A. M. (2006). El fruto de la acerola: composición, características productivas e importancia económica [The acerola fruit: composition, productive characteristics and economic importance]. Archivos latinoamericanos de nutricion, 56(2), 101109. PMID: 17024954

    Xu, M., Shen, C., Zheng, H., Xu, Y., Xue, C., Zhu, B., & Hu, J. (2020). Metabolomic analysis of acerola cherry (Malpighia emarginata) fruit during ripening development via UPLC-Q-TOF and contribution to the antioxidant activity. Food research international (Ottawa, Ont.), 130, 108915. DOI: 10.1016/j.foodres.2019.108915

    Uchida, E., Kondo, Y., Amano, A., Aizawa, S., Hanamura, T., Aoki, H., Nagamine, K., Koizumi, T., Maruyama, N., & Ishigami, A. (2011). Absorption and excretion of ascorbic acid alone and in acerola (Malpighia emarginata) juice: comparison in healthy Japanese subjects. Biological & pharmaceutical bulletin, 34(11), 17441747. DOI: 10.1248/bpb.34.1744

    Hemilä H. (2017). Vitamin C and Infections. Nutrients, 9(4), 339. DOI: 10.3390/nu9040339

    Hemilä, H., & Chalker, E. (2013). Vitamin C for preventing and treating the common cold. The Cochrane database of systematic reviews, (1), CD000980. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD000980.pub4

    Douglas, R. M., Hemilä, H., Chalker, E., & Treacy, B. (2007). Vitamin C for preventing and treating the common cold. The Cochrane database of systematic reviews, (3), CD000980. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD000980.pub3

    Hemilä, H., & Chalker, E. (2013). Vitamin C for preventing and treating the common cold. The Cochrane database of systematic reviews, (1), CD000980. https://doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD000980.pub4

    Carr, A. C., & Frei, B. (1999). Toward a new recommended dietary allowance for vitamin C based on antioxidant and health effects in humans. The American journal of clinical nutrition, 69(6), 10861107. DOI: 10.1093/ajcn/69.6.1086

    Li, Y., & Schellhorn, H. E. (2007). New developments and novel therapeutic perspectives for vitamin C. The Journal of nutrition, 137(10), 21712184. DOI: 10.1093/jn/137.10.2171

    Frei B, England L, Ames BN. Ascorbate is an outstanding antioxidant in human blood plasma. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1989;86(16):6377-6381. doi: 10.1073/pnas.86.16.6377

    Jacob, R. A., & Sotoudeh, G. (2002). Vitamin C function and status in chronic disease. Nutrition in clinical care : an official publication of Tufts University, 5(2), 6674. DOI: 10.1046/j.1523-5408.2002.00005.x

    Vegan Vitamin D3

    Nair R, Maseeh A. Vitamin D: The "sunshine" vitamin. J Pharmacol Pharmacother. 2012;3(2):118-126. doi: 10.4103/0976-500X.95506

    Bikle DD. Vitamin D and bone. Curr Osteoporos Rep. 2012;10(2):151-159. doi: 10.1007/s11914-012-0098-z

    Ebeling PR. Vitamin D and bone health: Epidemiologic studies. Bonekey Rep. 2014;3:511. Published 2014 Mar 5. doi: 10.1038/bonekey.2014.6

    Kopiczko A, Łopuszańska-Dawid M, Gryko K. Bone mineral density in young adults: the influence of vitamin D status, biochemical indicators, physical activity and body composition. Arch Osteoporos. 2020;15(1):45. Published 2020 Mar 12. doi: 10.1007/s11657-020-0684-0

    Hernando VU, Andry MM, María Virginia PF, Valentina A. Vitamin D nutritional status in the adult population in Colombia - An analytical cross-sectional study. Heliyon. 2020;6(2):e03479. Published 2020 Feb 25. doi: 10.1016/j.heliyon.2020.e03479

    Jacob EA, Blum L, Bedair HS, Freiberg AA, Quraishi SA. The Association of Vitamin D Status and Pre-operative Physical Activity in Patients with Hip or Knee Osteoarthritis. J Restor Med. 2015;4(1):3-10. doi: 10.14200/jrm.2015.4.0101

    Nowson, C. A., McGrath, J. J., Ebeling, P. R., Haikerwal, A., Daly, R. M., Sanders, K. M., Seibel, M. J., Mason, R. S., & Working Group of Australian and New Zealand Bone and Mineral Society, Endocrine Society of Australia and Osteoporosis Australia (2012). Vitamin D and health in adults in Australia and New Zealand: a position statement. The Medical journal of Australia, 196(11), 686687. DOI: 10.5694/mja11.10301

    Dawson-Hughes, B., Mithal, A., Bonjour, J. P., Boonen, S., Burckhardt, P., Fuleihan, G. E., Josse, R. G., Lips, P., Morales-Torres, J., & Yoshimura, N. (2010). IOF position statement: vitamin D recommendations for older adults. Osteoporosis international : a journal established as result of cooperation between the European Foundation for Osteoporosis and the National Osteoporosis Foundation of the USA, 21(7), 11511154. DOI: 10.1007/s00198-010-1285-3

    Dowd R. (2001). Role of calcium, vitamin D, and other essential nutrients in the prevention and treatment of osteoporosis. The Nursing clinics of North America, 36(3), 417viii. PMID: 11532657

    Van der Wielen, R. P., Löwik, M. R., van den Berg, H., de Groot, L. C., Haller, J., Moreiras, O., & van Staveren, W. A. (1995). Serum vitamin D concentrations among elderly people in Europe. Lancet (London, England), 346(8969), 207210. DOI: 10.1016/s0140-6736(95)91266-5

    Webb, A. R., Kline, L., & Holick, M. F. (1988). Influence of season and latitude on the cutaneous synthesis of vitamin D3: exposure to winter sunlight in Boston and Edmonton will not promote vitamin D3 synthesis in human skin. The Journal of clinical endocrinology and metabolism, 67(2), 373378. DOI: 10.1210/jcem-67-2-373

    Buckley, L. M., Leib, E. S., Cartularo, K. S., Vacek, P. M., & Cooper, S. M. (1996). Calcium and vitamin D3 supplementation prevents bone loss in the spine secondary to low-dose corticosteroids in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Annals of internal medicine, 125(12), 961968. DOI: 10.7326/0003-4819-125-12-199612150-00004

    Zinc

    Rondanelli M, Miccono A, Lamburghini S, et al. Self-Care for Common Colds: The Pivotal Role of Vitamin D, Vitamin C, Zinc, and Echinacea in Three Main Immune Interactive Clusters (Physical Barriers, Innate and Adaptive Immunity) Involved during an Episode of Common Colds-Practical Advice on Dosages and on the Time to Take These Nutrients/Botanicals in order to Prevent or Treat Common Colds. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2018;2018:5813095. Published 2018 Apr 29. doi: 10.1155/2018/5813095

    Singh M, Das RR. WITHDRAWN: Zinc for the common cold. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2015;2015(4):CD001364. Published 2015 Apr 30. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD001364.pub5

    Hulisz D. (2004). Efficacy of zinc against common cold viruses: an overview. Journal of the American Pharmacists Association : JAPhA, 44(5), 594603. DOI: 10.1331/1544-3191.44.5.594.hulisz

    Gammoh, N. Z., & Rink, L. (2017). Zinc in Infection and Inflammation. Nutrients, 9(6), 624. DOI: 10.3390/nu9060624

    Wintergerst, E. S., Maggini, S., & Hornig, D. H. (2007). Contribution of selected vitamins and trace elements to immune function. Annals of nutrition & metabolism, 51(4), 301323. DOI: 10.1159/000107673

    Sapkota, M., & Knoell, D. L. (2018). Essential Role of Zinc and Zinc Transporters in Myeloid Cell Function and Host Defense against Infection. Journal of immunology research, 2018, 4315140. DOI: 10.1155/2018/4315140

    Chasapis, C. T., Loutsidou, A. C., Spiliopoulou, C. A., & Stefanidou, M. E. (2012). Zinc and human health: an update. Archives of toxicology, 86(4), 521534. DOI: 10.1007/s00204-011-0775-1

    Supplement Facts

    Ingredients

    Suggested Use

    References

    Product Details

    • Organic black elderberry fruit as a source of vitamins and flavonoids 
    • Organic black currant fruit as a source of polyphenols
    • 2 sources of vitamin C: Quali®-C vitamin C as well as Organic Acerola Cherries
    • Plant-based vegan vitamin D3 from Wild Harvested Lichen
    • Zinc as TRAAC® Zinc Bisglycinate Chelate
    • Vegan black sambucus supplement & vitamins drops
    • This liquid and organic elderberries supplement is vegan & non-GMO
    • No artificial flavors, colors, sweeteners, or preservatives
    • No added sugar
    • Can be used by both adults and kids
    • Third-party tested
    • Manufactured in the USA in a cGMP-certified facility
    • Also exists in capsules

    Featured Ingredients

    Organic Black Elderberry Fruit

    A source of anthocyanidins and bioflavonoids*

    Organic Black Currant Fruit

    A source of polyphenols and vitamin C

    Vitamin C

    From Quali®-C and organic acerola cherries

     

     

    Vegan Vitamin D3

    From wild-harvested lichen 

    Zinc

    An essential element 

    2 months supply

    This elderberry potion comes in a pink red color. It’s naturally sweet with no sugar added, making it a delight to drink. The organic ingredients, the addition of vitamins and fruits, allow for a very smooth experience. Don’t overindulge.

    Suggested use

    Adults take 2ml (60 drops) daily with water or directly (this corresponds approximately to 2 to 3 droppers per serving). Children could use up to 0.5ml (15 drops) but only under the supervision of adults.

    See caution

    CAUTION: Do not exceed recommended dose. As with any dietary supplement, always consult your healthcare practitioner before using this product, especially if you are 12 and under, pregnant, nursing, seniors ages 65+, allergic, taking any medications, or are otherwise under medical supervision. Store in a cool, dry place. Do not use if product has been opened or tampered with in any way. Keep out of reach of children and pets. Use this product as a food supplement only. Do not use for weight reduction.

    Additional Details

    2 months supply

    This elderberry potion comes in a pink red color. It’s naturally sweet with no sugar added, making it a delight to drink. The organic ingredients, the addition of vitamins and fruits, allow for a very smooth experience. Don’t overindulge.

    See all ingredients

    Ingredients:

    Vitamin C (as Quali®-C & Organic Acerola Cherries), Vitamin D3 (from Wild Harvested Lichen), Zinc (as TRAACS® Zinc Bisglycinate Chelate), Organic Black Elderberry Fruit, Organic Black Currant Fruit. Other Ingredients: Organic Vegetable Glycerin, Organic Raspberry & Blueberry Flavor, Organic Citric Acid.

    Pairs With

    References

    Organic Black Elderberry Fruit

    Porter, Randall & Bode, Robert. (2017). A Review of the Antiviral Properties of Black Elder ( Sambucus nigra L.) Products: Antiviral Properties of Black Elder ( Sambucus nigra L.). Phytotherapy Research. 31. DOI: 10.1002/ptr.5782 

    Porter, R. S., & Bode, R. F. (2017). A Review of the Antiviral Properties of Black Elder (Sambucus nigra L.) Products. Phytotherapy research : PTR, 31(4), 533554. DOI: 10.1002/ptr.5782

    See more

    Zakay-Rones, Z., Thom, E., Wollan, T., & Wadstein, J. (2004). Randomized study of the efficacy and safety of oral elderberry extract in the treatment of influenza A and B virus infections. The Journal of international medical research, 32(2), 132140. DOI: 10.1177/147323000403200205

    Zakay-Rones, Z., Varsano, N., Zlotnik, M., Manor, O., Regev, L., Schlesinger, M., & Mumcuoglu, M. (1995). Inhibition of several strains of influenza virus in vitro and reduction of symptoms by an elderberry extract (Sambucus nigra L.) during an outbreak of influenza B Panama. Journal of alternative and complementary medicine (New York, N.Y.), 1(4), 361369. DOI: 10.1089/acm.1995.1.361

    Tiralongo E, Wee SS, Lea RA. Elderberry Supplementation Reduces Cold Duration and Symptoms in Air-Travellers: A Randomized, Double-Blind Placebo-Controlled Clinical Trial. Nutrients. 2016;8(4):182. Published 2016 Mar 24. doi: 10.3390/nu8040182

    Krawitz, C., Mraheil, M. A., Stein, M., Imirzalioglu, C., Domann, E., Pleschka, S., & Hain, T. (2011). Inhibitory activity of a standardized elderberry liquid extract against clinically-relevant human respiratory bacterial pathogens and influenza A and B viruses. BMC complementary and alternative medicine, 11, 16. DOI: 10.1186/1472-6882-11-16

    Vlachojannis, J. E., Cameron, M., & Chrubasik, S. (2010). A systematic review on the sambuci fructus effect and efficacy profiles. Phytotherapy research : PTR, 24(1), 18. DOI: 10.1002/ptr.2729

    Hawkins, J., Baker, C., Cherry, L., & Dunne, E. (2019). Black elderberry (Sambucus nigra) supplementation effectively treats upper respiratory symptoms: A meta-analysis of randomized, controlled clinical trials. Complementary therapies in medicine, 42, 361365. DOI: 10.1016/j.ctim.2018.12.004

    Młynarczyk, Karolina & Walkowiak-Tomczak, Dorota & Lysiak, Grzegorz. (2018). Bioactive properties of Sambucus nigra L. As a functional ingredient for food and pharmaceutical industry. Journal of Functional Foods. 40. 377-390. DOI: 10.1016/j.jff.2017.11.025

    Młynarczyk, K., Walkowiak-Tomczak, D., Staniek, H., Kidoń, M., & Łysiak, G. P. (2020). The Content of Selected Minerals, Bioactive Compounds, and the Antioxidant Properties of the Flowers and Fruit of Selected Cultivars and Wildly Growing Plants of Sambucus nigra L. Molecules (Basel, Switzerland), 25(4), 876. DOI: 10.3390/molecules25040876

    Chen, C., Zuckerman, D. M., Brantley, S., Sharpe, M., Childress, K., Hoiczyk, E., & Pendleton, A. R. (2014). Sambucus nigra extracts inhibit infectious bronchitis virus at an early point during replication. BMC veterinary research, 10, 24. DOI: 10.1186/1746-6148-10-24

    Della Volpe, A., Ricci, G., Ralli, M., Gambacorta, V., De Lucia, A., Minni, A., Pirozzi, C., Paccone, M., Pastore, V., & Di Stadio, A. (2019). The effects of oral supplements with Sambucus nigra, Zinc, Tyndallized Lactobacillus acidophilus (HA122), Arabinogalactans, vitamin D, vitamin E and vitamin C in otitis media with effusion in children: a randomized controlled trial. European review for medical and pharmacological sciences, 23(14), 63606370. DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_201907_18460

    Viapiana, A., & Wesolowski, M. (2017). The Phenolic Contents and Antioxidant Activities of Infusions of Sambucus nigra L. Plant foods for human nutrition (Dordrecht, Netherlands), 72(1), 8287. DOI: 10.1007/s11130-016-0594-x

    Badescu, M., Badulescu, O., Badescu, L., & Ciocoiu, M. (2015). Effects of Sambucus nigra and Aronia melanocarpa extracts on immune system disorders within diabetes mellitus. Pharmaceutical biology, 53(4), 533539. DOI: 10.3109/13880209.2014.931441

    Pliszka B. (2017). Polyphenolic content, antiradical activity, stability and microbiological quality of elderberry (Sambucus nigra L.) extracts. Acta scientiarum polonorum. Technologia alimentaria, 16(4), 393401. DOI: 10.17306/J.AFS.0523

    Tundis, R., Ursino, C., Bonesi, M., Loizzo, M. R., Sicari, V., Pellicanò, T., Manfredi, I. L., Figoli, A., & Cassano, A. (2019). Flower and Leaf Extracts of Sambucus nigra L.: Application of Membrane Processes to Obtain Fractions with Antioxidant and Antityrosinase Properties. Membranes, 9(10), 127. DOI: 10.3390/membranes9100127

    Kinoshita, E., Hayashi, K., Katayama, H., Hayashi, T., & Obata, A. (2012). Anti-influenza virus effects of elderberry juice and its fractions. Bioscience, biotechnology, and biochemistry, 76(9), 16331638. DOI: 10.1271/bbb.120112

    Organic Black Currant Fruit

    Laczkó-Zöld, E., Komlósi, A., Ülkei, T., Fogarasi, E., Croitoru, M., Fülöp, I., Domokos, E., Ştefănescu, R., & Varga, E. (2018). Extractability of polyphenols from black currant, red currant and gooseberry and their antioxidant activity. Acta biologica Hungarica, 69(2), 156169. DOI: 10.1556/018.69.2018.2.5

    Branković, S., Miladinović, B., Radenković, M., Gočmanac Ignjatović, M., Kostić, M., Šavikin, K., & Kitić, D. (2016). Hypotensive, cardiodepressant, and vasorelaxant activities of black currant (Ribes nigrum 'Ben Sarek') juice. Canadian journal of physiology and pharmacology, 94(10), 11021105. DOI: 10.1139/cjpp-2015-0584

    Ambrożewicz, E., Augustyniak, A., Gęgotek, A., Bielawska, K., & Skrzydlewska, E. (2013). Black-currant protection against oxidative stress formation. Journal of toxicology and environmental health. Part A, 76(23), 12931306. DOI: 10.1080/15287394.2013.850762

    Antolak, H., Czyzowska, A., & Kregiel, D. (2016). Black Currant (Ribes nigrum L.) and Bilberry (Vaccinium myrtillus L.) Fruit Juices Inhibit Adhesion of Asaia spp. BioMed research international, 2016, 3671306. DOI: 10.1155/2016/3671306

    Gopalan, A., Reuben, S. C., Ahmed, S., Darvesh, A. S., Hohmann, J., & Bishayee, A. (2012). The health benefits of blackcurrants. Food & function, 3(8), 795809. DOI: 10.1039/c2fo30058c

    Yang, W., Kortesniemi, M., Ma, X., Zheng, J., & Yang, B. (2019). Enzymatic acylation of blackcurrant (Ribes nigrum) anthocyanins and evaluation of lipophilic properties and antioxidant capacity of derivatives. Food chemistry, 281, 189196. DOI: 10.1016/j.foodchem.2018.12.111

    Slimestad, R., & Solheim, H. (2002). Anthocyanins from black currants (Ribes nigrum L.). Journal of agricultural and food chemistry, 50(11), 32283231. DOI: 10.1021/jf011581u

    Harborne, J. B., & Williams, C. A. (2001). Anthocyanins and other flavonoids. Natural product reports, 18(3), 310333. DOI: 10.1039/b006257j

    Butnariu M. (2014). Detection of the polyphenolic components in Ribes nigrum L. Annals of agricultural and environmental medicine : AAEM, 21(1), 1114. PMID: 24742033

    Bishayee, A., Háznagy-Radnai, E., Mbimba, T., Sipos, P., Morazzoni, P., Darvesh, A. S., Bhatia, D., & Hohmann, J. (2010). Anthocyanin-rich black currant extract suppresses the growth of human hepatocellular carcinoma cells. Natural product communications, 5(10), 16131618. PMID: 21121259

    Edirisinghe, I., Banaszewski, K., Cappozzo, J., McCarthy, D., & Burton-Freeman, B. M. (2011). Effect of black currant anthocyanins on the activation of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) in vitro in human endothelial cells. Journal of agricultural and food chemistry, 59(16), 86168624. DOI: 10.1021/jf201116y

    Cook, M. D., & Willems, M. (2019). Dietary Anthocyanins: A Review of the Exercise Performance Effects and Related Physiological Responses. International journal of sport nutrition and exercise metabolism, 29(3), 322330. DOI: 10.1123/ijsnem.2018-0088

    Desjardins, J., Tanabe, S., Bergeron, C., Gafner, S., & Grenier, D. (2012). Anthocyanin-rich black currant extract and cyanidin-3-O-glucoside have cytoprotective and anti-inflammatory properties. Journal of medicinal food, 15(12), 10451050. DOI: 10.1089/jmf.2011.0316

    Tung, Y. T., Wu, M. F., Lee, M. C., Wu, J. H., Huang, C. C., & Huang, W. C. (2019). Antifatigue Activity and Exercise Performance of Phenolic-Rich Extracts from Calendula officinalis, Ribes nigrum, and Vaccinium myrtillus. Nutrients, 11(8), 1715. DOI: 10.3390/nu11081715

    Cortez, R. E., & Gonzalez de Mejia, E. (2019). Blackcurrants (Ribes nigrum): A Review on Chemistry, Processing, and Health Benefits. Journal of food science, 84(9), 23872401. DOI: 10.1111/1750-3841.14781

    Vitamin C

    Prakash, A., & Baskaran, R. (2018). Acerola, an untapped functional superfruit: a review on latest frontiers. Journal of food science and technology, 55(9), 33733384. doi: 10.1007/s13197-018-3309-5

    Mezadri, T., Fernández-Pachón, M. S., Villaño, D., García-Parrilla, M. C., & Troncoso, A. M. (2006). El fruto de la acerola: composición, características productivas e importancia económica [The acerola fruit: composition, productive characteristics and economic importance]. Archivos latinoamericanos de nutricion, 56(2), 101109. PMID: 17024954

    Xu, M., Shen, C., Zheng, H., Xu, Y., Xue, C., Zhu, B., & Hu, J. (2020). Metabolomic analysis of acerola cherry (Malpighia emarginata) fruit during ripening development via UPLC-Q-TOF and contribution to the antioxidant activity. Food research international (Ottawa, Ont.), 130, 108915. DOI: 10.1016/j.foodres.2019.108915

    Uchida, E., Kondo, Y., Amano, A., Aizawa, S., Hanamura, T., Aoki, H., Nagamine, K., Koizumi, T., Maruyama, N., & Ishigami, A. (2011). Absorption and excretion of ascorbic acid alone and in acerola (Malpighia emarginata) juice: comparison in healthy Japanese subjects. Biological & pharmaceutical bulletin, 34(11), 17441747. DOI: 10.1248/bpb.34.1744

    Hemilä H. (2017). Vitamin C and Infections. Nutrients, 9(4), 339. DOI: 10.3390/nu9040339

    Hemilä, H., & Chalker, E. (2013). Vitamin C for preventing and treating the common cold. The Cochrane database of systematic reviews, (1), CD000980. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD000980.pub4

    Douglas, R. M., Hemilä, H., Chalker, E., & Treacy, B. (2007). Vitamin C for preventing and treating the common cold. The Cochrane database of systematic reviews, (3), CD000980. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD000980.pub3

    Hemilä, H., & Chalker, E. (2013). Vitamin C for preventing and treating the common cold. The Cochrane database of systematic reviews, (1), CD000980. https://doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD000980.pub4

    Carr, A. C., & Frei, B. (1999). Toward a new recommended dietary allowance for vitamin C based on antioxidant and health effects in humans. The American journal of clinical nutrition, 69(6), 10861107. DOI: 10.1093/ajcn/69.6.1086

    Li, Y., & Schellhorn, H. E. (2007). New developments and novel therapeutic perspectives for vitamin C. The Journal of nutrition, 137(10), 21712184. DOI: 10.1093/jn/137.10.2171

    Frei B, England L, Ames BN. Ascorbate is an outstanding antioxidant in human blood plasma. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1989;86(16):6377-6381. doi: 10.1073/pnas.86.16.6377

    Jacob, R. A., & Sotoudeh, G. (2002). Vitamin C function and status in chronic disease. Nutrition in clinical care : an official publication of Tufts University, 5(2), 6674. DOI: 10.1046/j.1523-5408.2002.00005.x

    Vegan Vitamin D3

    Nair R, Maseeh A. Vitamin D: The "sunshine" vitamin. J Pharmacol Pharmacother. 2012;3(2):118-126. doi: 10.4103/0976-500X.95506

    Bikle DD. Vitamin D and bone. Curr Osteoporos Rep. 2012;10(2):151-159. doi: 10.1007/s11914-012-0098-z

    Ebeling PR. Vitamin D and bone health: Epidemiologic studies. Bonekey Rep. 2014;3:511. Published 2014 Mar 5. doi: 10.1038/bonekey.2014.6

    Kopiczko A, Łopuszańska-Dawid M, Gryko K. Bone mineral density in young adults: the influence of vitamin D status, biochemical indicators, physical activity and body composition. Arch Osteoporos. 2020;15(1):45. Published 2020 Mar 12. doi: 10.1007/s11657-020-0684-0

    Hernando VU, Andry MM, María Virginia PF, Valentina A. Vitamin D nutritional status in the adult population in Colombia - An analytical cross-sectional study. Heliyon. 2020;6(2):e03479. Published 2020 Feb 25. doi: 10.1016/j.heliyon.2020.e03479

    Jacob EA, Blum L, Bedair HS, Freiberg AA, Quraishi SA. The Association of Vitamin D Status and Pre-operative Physical Activity in Patients with Hip or Knee Osteoarthritis. J Restor Med. 2015;4(1):3-10. doi: 10.14200/jrm.2015.4.0101

    Nowson, C. A., McGrath, J. J., Ebeling, P. R., Haikerwal, A., Daly, R. M., Sanders, K. M., Seibel, M. J., Mason, R. S., & Working Group of Australian and New Zealand Bone and Mineral Society, Endocrine Society of Australia and Osteoporosis Australia (2012). Vitamin D and health in adults in Australia and New Zealand: a position statement. The Medical journal of Australia, 196(11), 686687. DOI: 10.5694/mja11.10301

    Dawson-Hughes, B., Mithal, A., Bonjour, J. P., Boonen, S., Burckhardt, P., Fuleihan, G. E., Josse, R. G., Lips, P., Morales-Torres, J., & Yoshimura, N. (2010). IOF position statement: vitamin D recommendations for older adults. Osteoporosis international : a journal established as result of cooperation between the European Foundation for Osteoporosis and the National Osteoporosis Foundation of the USA, 21(7), 11511154. DOI: 10.1007/s00198-010-1285-3

    Dowd R. (2001). Role of calcium, vitamin D, and other essential nutrients in the prevention and treatment of osteoporosis. The Nursing clinics of North America, 36(3), 417viii. PMID: 11532657

    Van der Wielen, R. P., Löwik, M. R., van den Berg, H., de Groot, L. C., Haller, J., Moreiras, O., & van Staveren, W. A. (1995). Serum vitamin D concentrations among elderly people in Europe. Lancet (London, England), 346(8969), 207210. DOI: 10.1016/s0140-6736(95)91266-5

    Webb, A. R., Kline, L., & Holick, M. F. (1988). Influence of season and latitude on the cutaneous synthesis of vitamin D3: exposure to winter sunlight in Boston and Edmonton will not promote vitamin D3 synthesis in human skin. The Journal of clinical endocrinology and metabolism, 67(2), 373378. DOI: 10.1210/jcem-67-2-373

    Buckley, L. M., Leib, E. S., Cartularo, K. S., Vacek, P. M., & Cooper, S. M. (1996). Calcium and vitamin D3 supplementation prevents bone loss in the spine secondary to low-dose corticosteroids in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Annals of internal medicine, 125(12), 961968. DOI: 10.7326/0003-4819-125-12-199612150-00004

    Zinc

    Rondanelli M, Miccono A, Lamburghini S, et al. Self-Care for Common Colds: The Pivotal Role of Vitamin D, Vitamin C, Zinc, and Echinacea in Three Main Immune Interactive Clusters (Physical Barriers, Innate and Adaptive Immunity) Involved during an Episode of Common Colds-Practical Advice on Dosages and on the Time to Take These Nutrients/Botanicals in order to Prevent or Treat Common Colds. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2018;2018:5813095. Published 2018 Apr 29. doi: 10.1155/2018/5813095

    Singh M, Das RR. WITHDRAWN: Zinc for the common cold. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2015;2015(4):CD001364. Published 2015 Apr 30. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD001364.pub5

    Hulisz D. (2004). Efficacy of zinc against common cold viruses: an overview. Journal of the American Pharmacists Association : JAPhA, 44(5), 594603. DOI: 10.1331/1544-3191.44.5.594.hulisz

    Gammoh, N. Z., & Rink, L. (2017). Zinc in Infection and Inflammation. Nutrients, 9(6), 624. DOI: 10.3390/nu9060624

    Wintergerst, E. S., Maggini, S., & Hornig, D. H. (2007). Contribution of selected vitamins and trace elements to immune function. Annals of nutrition & metabolism, 51(4), 301323. DOI: 10.1159/000107673

    Sapkota, M., & Knoell, D. L. (2018). Essential Role of Zinc and Zinc Transporters in Myeloid Cell Function and Host Defense against Infection. Journal of immunology research, 2018, 4315140. DOI: 10.1155/2018/4315140

    Chasapis, C. T., Loutsidou, A. C., Spiliopoulou, C. A., & Stefanidou, M. E. (2012). Zinc and human health: an update. Archives of toxicology, 86(4), 521534. DOI: 10.1007/s00204-011-0775-1

    Vitamin C (as Quali®-C & Organic Acerola Cherries), Vitamin D3 (from Wild Harvested Lichen), Zinc (as TRAACS® Zinc Bisglycinate Chelate), Organic Black Elderberry Fruit, Organic Black Currant Fruit. Other Ingredients: Organic Vegetable Glycerin, Organic Raspberry & Blueberry Flavor, Organic Citric Acid.

    Adults take 2ml (60 drops) daily with water or directly (this corresponds approximately to 2 to 3 droppers per serving). Children could use up to 0.5ml (15 drops) but only under the supervision of adults.

    CAUTION: Do not exceed recommended dose. As with any dietary supplement, always consult your healthcare practitioner before using this product, especially if you are 12 and under, pregnant, nursing, seniors ages 65+, allergic, taking any medications, or are otherwise under medical supervision. Store in a cool, dry place. Do not use if product has been opened or tampered with in any way. Keep out of reach of children and pets. Use this product as a food supplement only. Do not use for weight reduction.

    Organic Black Elderberry Fruit

    Porter, Randall & Bode, Robert. (2017). A Review of the Antiviral Properties of Black Elder ( Sambucus nigra L.) Products: Antiviral Properties of Black Elder ( Sambucus nigra L.). Phytotherapy Research. 31. DOI: 10.1002/ptr.5782 

    Porter, R. S., & Bode, R. F. (2017). A Review of the Antiviral Properties of Black Elder (Sambucus nigra L.) Products. Phytotherapy research : PTR, 31(4), 533554. DOI: 10.1002/ptr.5782

    Zakay-Rones, Z., Thom, E., Wollan, T., & Wadstein, J. (2004). Randomized study of the efficacy and safety of oral elderberry extract in the treatment of influenza A and B virus infections. The Journal of international medical research, 32(2), 132140. DOI: 10.1177/147323000403200205

    Zakay-Rones, Z., Varsano, N., Zlotnik, M., Manor, O., Regev, L., Schlesinger, M., & Mumcuoglu, M. (1995). Inhibition of several strains of influenza virus in vitro and reduction of symptoms by an elderberry extract (Sambucus nigra L.) during an outbreak of influenza B Panama. Journal of alternative and complementary medicine (New York, N.Y.), 1(4), 361369. DOI: 10.1089/acm.1995.1.361

    Tiralongo E, Wee SS, Lea RA. Elderberry Supplementation Reduces Cold Duration and Symptoms in Air-Travellers: A Randomized, Double-Blind Placebo-Controlled Clinical Trial. Nutrients. 2016;8(4):182. Published 2016 Mar 24. doi: 10.3390/nu8040182

    Krawitz, C., Mraheil, M. A., Stein, M., Imirzalioglu, C., Domann, E., Pleschka, S., & Hain, T. (2011). Inhibitory activity of a standardized elderberry liquid extract against clinically-relevant human respiratory bacterial pathogens and influenza A and B viruses. BMC complementary and alternative medicine, 11, 16. DOI: 10.1186/1472-6882-11-16

    Vlachojannis, J. E., Cameron, M., & Chrubasik, S. (2010). A systematic review on the sambuci fructus effect and efficacy profiles. Phytotherapy research : PTR, 24(1), 18. DOI: 10.1002/ptr.2729

    Hawkins, J., Baker, C., Cherry, L., & Dunne, E. (2019). Black elderberry (Sambucus nigra) supplementation effectively treats upper respiratory symptoms: A meta-analysis of randomized, controlled clinical trials. Complementary therapies in medicine, 42, 361365. DOI: 10.1016/j.ctim.2018.12.004

    Młynarczyk, Karolina & Walkowiak-Tomczak, Dorota & Lysiak, Grzegorz. (2018). Bioactive properties of Sambucus nigra L. As a functional ingredient for food and pharmaceutical industry. Journal of Functional Foods. 40. 377-390. DOI: 10.1016/j.jff.2017.11.025

    Młynarczyk, K., Walkowiak-Tomczak, D., Staniek, H., Kidoń, M., & Łysiak, G. P. (2020). The Content of Selected Minerals, Bioactive Compounds, and the Antioxidant Properties of the Flowers and Fruit of Selected Cultivars and Wildly Growing Plants of Sambucus nigra L. Molecules (Basel, Switzerland), 25(4), 876. DOI: 10.3390/molecules25040876

    Chen, C., Zuckerman, D. M., Brantley, S., Sharpe, M., Childress, K., Hoiczyk, E., & Pendleton, A. R. (2014). Sambucus nigra extracts inhibit infectious bronchitis virus at an early point during replication. BMC veterinary research, 10, 24. DOI: 10.1186/1746-6148-10-24

    Della Volpe, A., Ricci, G., Ralli, M., Gambacorta, V., De Lucia, A., Minni, A., Pirozzi, C., Paccone, M., Pastore, V., & Di Stadio, A. (2019). The effects of oral supplements with Sambucus nigra, Zinc, Tyndallized Lactobacillus acidophilus (HA122), Arabinogalactans, vitamin D, vitamin E and vitamin C in otitis media with effusion in children: a randomized controlled trial. European review for medical and pharmacological sciences, 23(14), 63606370. DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_201907_18460

    Viapiana, A., & Wesolowski, M. (2017). The Phenolic Contents and Antioxidant Activities of Infusions of Sambucus nigra L. Plant foods for human nutrition (Dordrecht, Netherlands), 72(1), 8287. DOI: 10.1007/s11130-016-0594-x

    Badescu, M., Badulescu, O., Badescu, L., & Ciocoiu, M. (2015). Effects of Sambucus nigra and Aronia melanocarpa extracts on immune system disorders within diabetes mellitus. Pharmaceutical biology, 53(4), 533539. DOI: 10.3109/13880209.2014.931441

    Pliszka B. (2017). Polyphenolic content, antiradical activity, stability and microbiological quality of elderberry (Sambucus nigra L.) extracts. Acta scientiarum polonorum. Technologia alimentaria, 16(4), 393401. DOI: 10.17306/J.AFS.0523

    Tundis, R., Ursino, C., Bonesi, M., Loizzo, M. R., Sicari, V., Pellicanò, T., Manfredi, I. L., Figoli, A., & Cassano, A. (2019). Flower and Leaf Extracts of Sambucus nigra L.: Application of Membrane Processes to Obtain Fractions with Antioxidant and Antityrosinase Properties. Membranes, 9(10), 127. DOI: 10.3390/membranes9100127

    Kinoshita, E., Hayashi, K., Katayama, H., Hayashi, T., & Obata, A. (2012). Anti-influenza virus effects of elderberry juice and its fractions. Bioscience, biotechnology, and biochemistry, 76(9), 16331638. DOI: 10.1271/bbb.120112

    Organic Black Currant Fruit

    Laczkó-Zöld, E., Komlósi, A., Ülkei, T., Fogarasi, E., Croitoru, M., Fülöp, I., Domokos, E., Ştefănescu, R., & Varga, E. (2018). Extractability of polyphenols from black currant, red currant and gooseberry and their antioxidant activity. Acta biologica Hungarica, 69(2), 156169. DOI: 10.1556/018.69.2018.2.5

    Branković, S., Miladinović, B., Radenković, M., Gočmanac Ignjatović, M., Kostić, M., Šavikin, K., & Kitić, D. (2016). Hypotensive, cardiodepressant, and vasorelaxant activities of black currant (Ribes nigrum 'Ben Sarek') juice. Canadian journal of physiology and pharmacology, 94(10), 11021105. DOI: 10.1139/cjpp-2015-0584

    Ambrożewicz, E., Augustyniak, A., Gęgotek, A., Bielawska, K., & Skrzydlewska, E. (2013). Black-currant protection against oxidative stress formation. Journal of toxicology and environmental health. Part A, 76(23), 12931306. DOI: 10.1080/15287394.2013.850762

    Antolak, H., Czyzowska, A., & Kregiel, D. (2016). Black Currant (Ribes nigrum L.) and Bilberry (Vaccinium myrtillus L.) Fruit Juices Inhibit Adhesion of Asaia spp. BioMed research international, 2016, 3671306. DOI: 10.1155/2016/3671306

    Gopalan, A., Reuben, S. C., Ahmed, S., Darvesh, A. S., Hohmann, J., & Bishayee, A. (2012). The health benefits of blackcurrants. Food & function, 3(8), 795809. DOI: 10.1039/c2fo30058c

    Yang, W., Kortesniemi, M., Ma, X., Zheng, J., & Yang, B. (2019). Enzymatic acylation of blackcurrant (Ribes nigrum) anthocyanins and evaluation of lipophilic properties and antioxidant capacity of derivatives. Food chemistry, 281, 189196. DOI: 10.1016/j.foodchem.2018.12.111

    Slimestad, R., & Solheim, H. (2002). Anthocyanins from black currants (Ribes nigrum L.). Journal of agricultural and food chemistry, 50(11), 32283231. DOI: 10.1021/jf011581u

    Harborne, J. B., & Williams, C. A. (2001). Anthocyanins and other flavonoids. Natural product reports, 18(3), 310333. DOI: 10.1039/b006257j

    Butnariu M. (2014). Detection of the polyphenolic components in Ribes nigrum L. Annals of agricultural and environmental medicine : AAEM, 21(1), 1114. PMID: 24742033

    Bishayee, A., Háznagy-Radnai, E., Mbimba, T., Sipos, P., Morazzoni, P., Darvesh, A. S., Bhatia, D., & Hohmann, J. (2010). Anthocyanin-rich black currant extract suppresses the growth of human hepatocellular carcinoma cells. Natural product communications, 5(10), 16131618. PMID: 21121259

    Edirisinghe, I., Banaszewski, K., Cappozzo, J., McCarthy, D., & Burton-Freeman, B. M. (2011). Effect of black currant anthocyanins on the activation of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) in vitro in human endothelial cells. Journal of agricultural and food chemistry, 59(16), 86168624. DOI: 10.1021/jf201116y

    Cook, M. D., & Willems, M. (2019). Dietary Anthocyanins: A Review of the Exercise Performance Effects and Related Physiological Responses. International journal of sport nutrition and exercise metabolism, 29(3), 322330. DOI: 10.1123/ijsnem.2018-0088

    Desjardins, J., Tanabe, S., Bergeron, C., Gafner, S., & Grenier, D. (2012). Anthocyanin-rich black currant extract and cyanidin-3-O-glucoside have cytoprotective and anti-inflammatory properties. Journal of medicinal food, 15(12), 10451050. DOI: 10.1089/jmf.2011.0316

    Tung, Y. T., Wu, M. F., Lee, M. C., Wu, J. H., Huang, C. C., & Huang, W. C. (2019). Antifatigue Activity and Exercise Performance of Phenolic-Rich Extracts from Calendula officinalis, Ribes nigrum, and Vaccinium myrtillus. Nutrients, 11(8), 1715. DOI: 10.3390/nu11081715

    Cortez, R. E., & Gonzalez de Mejia, E. (2019). Blackcurrants (Ribes nigrum): A Review on Chemistry, Processing, and Health Benefits. Journal of food science, 84(9), 23872401. DOI: 10.1111/1750-3841.14781

    Vitamin C

    Prakash, A., & Baskaran, R. (2018). Acerola, an untapped functional superfruit: a review on latest frontiers. Journal of food science and technology, 55(9), 33733384. doi: 10.1007/s13197-018-3309-5

    Mezadri, T., Fernández-Pachón, M. S., Villaño, D., García-Parrilla, M. C., & Troncoso, A. M. (2006). El fruto de la acerola: composición, características productivas e importancia económica [The acerola fruit: composition, productive characteristics and economic importance]. Archivos latinoamericanos de nutricion, 56(2), 101109. PMID: 17024954

    Xu, M., Shen, C., Zheng, H., Xu, Y., Xue, C., Zhu, B., & Hu, J. (2020). Metabolomic analysis of acerola cherry (Malpighia emarginata) fruit during ripening development via UPLC-Q-TOF and contribution to the antioxidant activity. Food research international (Ottawa, Ont.), 130, 108915. DOI: 10.1016/j.foodres.2019.108915

    Uchida, E., Kondo, Y., Amano, A., Aizawa, S., Hanamura, T., Aoki, H., Nagamine, K., Koizumi, T., Maruyama, N., & Ishigami, A. (2011). Absorption and excretion of ascorbic acid alone and in acerola (Malpighia emarginata) juice: comparison in healthy Japanese subjects. Biological & pharmaceutical bulletin, 34(11), 17441747. DOI: 10.1248/bpb.34.1744

    Hemilä H. (2017). Vitamin C and Infections. Nutrients, 9(4), 339. DOI: 10.3390/nu9040339

    Hemilä, H., & Chalker, E. (2013). Vitamin C for preventing and treating the common cold. The Cochrane database of systematic reviews, (1), CD000980. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD000980.pub4

    Douglas, R. M., Hemilä, H., Chalker, E., & Treacy, B. (2007). Vitamin C for preventing and treating the common cold. The Cochrane database of systematic reviews, (3), CD000980. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD000980.pub3

    Hemilä, H., & Chalker, E. (2013). Vitamin C for preventing and treating the common cold. The Cochrane database of systematic reviews, (1), CD000980. https://doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD000980.pub4

    Carr, A. C., & Frei, B. (1999). Toward a new recommended dietary allowance for vitamin C based on antioxidant and health effects in humans. The American journal of clinical nutrition, 69(6), 10861107. DOI: 10.1093/ajcn/69.6.1086

    Li, Y., & Schellhorn, H. E. (2007). New developments and novel therapeutic perspectives for vitamin C. The Journal of nutrition, 137(10), 21712184. DOI: 10.1093/jn/137.10.2171

    Frei B, England L, Ames BN. Ascorbate is an outstanding antioxidant in human blood plasma. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1989;86(16):6377-6381. doi: 10.1073/pnas.86.16.6377

    Jacob, R. A., & Sotoudeh, G. (2002). Vitamin C function and status in chronic disease. Nutrition in clinical care : an official publication of Tufts University, 5(2), 6674. DOI: 10.1046/j.1523-5408.2002.00005.x

    Vegan Vitamin D3

    Nair R, Maseeh A. Vitamin D: The "sunshine" vitamin. J Pharmacol Pharmacother. 2012;3(2):118-126. doi: 10.4103/0976-500X.95506

    Bikle DD. Vitamin D and bone. Curr Osteoporos Rep. 2012;10(2):151-159. doi: 10.1007/s11914-012-0098-z

    Ebeling PR. Vitamin D and bone health: Epidemiologic studies. Bonekey Rep. 2014;3:511. Published 2014 Mar 5. doi: 10.1038/bonekey.2014.6

    Kopiczko A, Łopuszańska-Dawid M, Gryko K. Bone mineral density in young adults: the influence of vitamin D status, biochemical indicators, physical activity and body composition. Arch Osteoporos. 2020;15(1):45. Published 2020 Mar 12. doi: 10.1007/s11657-020-0684-0

    Hernando VU, Andry MM, María Virginia PF, Valentina A. Vitamin D nutritional status in the adult population in Colombia - An analytical cross-sectional study. Heliyon. 2020;6(2):e03479. Published 2020 Feb 25. doi: 10.1016/j.heliyon.2020.e03479

    Jacob EA, Blum L, Bedair HS, Freiberg AA, Quraishi SA. The Association of Vitamin D Status and Pre-operative Physical Activity in Patients with Hip or Knee Osteoarthritis. J Restor Med. 2015;4(1):3-10. doi: 10.14200/jrm.2015.4.0101

    Nowson, C. A., McGrath, J. J., Ebeling, P. R., Haikerwal, A., Daly, R. M., Sanders, K. M., Seibel, M. J., Mason, R. S., & Working Group of Australian and New Zealand Bone and Mineral Society, Endocrine Society of Australia and Osteoporosis Australia (2012). Vitamin D and health in adults in Australia and New Zealand: a position statement. The Medical journal of Australia, 196(11), 686687. DOI: 10.5694/mja11.10301

    Dawson-Hughes, B., Mithal, A., Bonjour, J. P., Boonen, S., Burckhardt, P., Fuleihan, G. E., Josse, R. G., Lips, P., Morales-Torres, J., & Yoshimura, N. (2010). IOF position statement: vitamin D recommendations for older adults. Osteoporosis international : a journal established as result of cooperation between the European Foundation for Osteoporosis and the National Osteoporosis Foundation of the USA, 21(7), 11511154. DOI: 10.1007/s00198-010-1285-3

    Dowd R. (2001). Role of calcium, vitamin D, and other essential nutrients in the prevention and treatment of osteoporosis. The Nursing clinics of North America, 36(3), 417viii. PMID: 11532657

    Van der Wielen, R. P., Löwik, M. R., van den Berg, H., de Groot, L. C., Haller, J., Moreiras, O., & van Staveren, W. A. (1995). Serum vitamin D concentrations among elderly people in Europe. Lancet (London, England), 346(8969), 207210. DOI: 10.1016/s0140-6736(95)91266-5

    Webb, A. R., Kline, L., & Holick, M. F. (1988). Influence of season and latitude on the cutaneous synthesis of vitamin D3: exposure to winter sunlight in Boston and Edmonton will not promote vitamin D3 synthesis in human skin. The Journal of clinical endocrinology and metabolism, 67(2), 373378. DOI: 10.1210/jcem-67-2-373

    Buckley, L. M., Leib, E. S., Cartularo, K. S., Vacek, P. M., & Cooper, S. M. (1996). Calcium and vitamin D3 supplementation prevents bone loss in the spine secondary to low-dose corticosteroids in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Annals of internal medicine, 125(12), 961968. DOI: 10.7326/0003-4819-125-12-199612150-00004

    Zinc

    Rondanelli M, Miccono A, Lamburghini S, et al. Self-Care for Common Colds: The Pivotal Role of Vitamin D, Vitamin C, Zinc, and Echinacea in Three Main Immune Interactive Clusters (Physical Barriers, Innate and Adaptive Immunity) Involved during an Episode of Common Colds-Practical Advice on Dosages and on the Time to Take These Nutrients/Botanicals in order to Prevent or Treat Common Colds. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2018;2018:5813095. Published 2018 Apr 29. doi: 10.1155/2018/5813095

    Singh M, Das RR. WITHDRAWN: Zinc for the common cold. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2015;2015(4):CD001364. Published 2015 Apr 30. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD001364.pub5

    Hulisz D. (2004). Efficacy of zinc against common cold viruses: an overview. Journal of the American Pharmacists Association : JAPhA, 44(5), 594603. DOI: 10.1331/1544-3191.44.5.594.hulisz

    Gammoh, N. Z., & Rink, L. (2017). Zinc in Infection and Inflammation. Nutrients, 9(6), 624. DOI: 10.3390/nu9060624

    Wintergerst, E. S., Maggini, S., & Hornig, D. H. (2007). Contribution of selected vitamins and trace elements to immune function. Annals of nutrition & metabolism, 51(4), 301323. DOI: 10.1159/000107673

    Sapkota, M., & Knoell, D. L. (2018). Essential Role of Zinc and Zinc Transporters in Myeloid Cell Function and Host Defense against Infection. Journal of immunology research, 2018, 4315140. DOI: 10.1155/2018/4315140

    Chasapis, C. T., Loutsidou, A. C., Spiliopoulou, C. A., & Stefanidou, M. E. (2012). Zinc and human health: an update. Archives of toxicology, 86(4), 521534. DOI: 10.1007/s00204-011-0775-1

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