$42.99
Argentinian Beef

Grass Fed Beef Cartilage.

Zoom Codeage Beef Tracheal Cartilage Supplement, Grass Fed Pasture Raised Bovine BSE Free
Zoom Codeage beef Cartilage supplement Facts
Zoom Grass-fed Beef Cartilage Supplement
Argentinian Beef

Grass Fed Beef Cartilage.

Bovine cartilage & liver.

$42.99
Codeage Grass Fed Beef Cartilage supplement offers bovine tracheal cartilage and bovine liver from grass-fed, grass-finished, and pasture-raised Argentinian beef. This superfood and beef cartilage glandular supplement is freeze-dried, non-defatted, and desiccated to help preserve vitamins, minerals, and nutrients.*
  • Codeage Grass Fed Beef Cartilage supplement offers 1500 mg of bovine tracheal cartilage and 1500 mg of bovine liver per serving. These ingredients are sourced from grass-fed, grass-finished, pasture-raised Argentinian beef. This superfood supplement is freeze-dried, non-defatted, and desiccated.
  • Beef cartilage can be a nutrient-rich source, primarily composed of connective tissues like collagen, which may supply amino acids proline and glycine, supporting skin, hair, nails, and joint health.* Additionally, it may provide chondroitin and glucosamine, further promoting joint health.*
  • Beef liver may offer a source of vitamins A and B, particularly B12, to help support nerve function, DNA, and red blood cell production, along with vitamins B2, B3, B5, B6, and folate. The liver may also provide heme iron, which the body may absorb more easily. Beef liver may also contain copper, zinc, and choline.
  • This grass-fed beef cartilage supplement is non-GMO, Paleo-friendly, and gluten-free. Additionally, it is hormone-free. This beef cartilage & beef liver supplement comes with a 1-month supply in a convenient capsule format.
  • Codeage Grass-Fed Beef Cartilage is manufactured in the USA with global ingredients in a cGMP-certified facility for quality and purity.
Learn More

    Supplement Facts

    Supplement Facts

    Ingredients

    Grass Fed Tracheal Cartilage (Bovine) (BSE-free), Grass Fed Liver (Bovine) (BSE-free). Other Ingredients: Methylcellulose Capsule.

    Cartilage
    and liver.

    Beef cartilage - Beef liver
    Grass-fed - Pasture-raised
    Freeze-dried - Desiccated

    Codeage Grass-Fed Beef Cartilage Glandular Supplement

    Product Details

    • Codeage Grass Fed Beef Cartilage supplement offers 1500 mg of bovine tracheal cartilage and 1500 mg of bovine liver per serving. These ingredients are sourced from grass-fed, grass-finished, pasture-raised Argentinian beef. This superfood supplement is freeze-dried, non-defatted, and desiccated.
    • Beef cartilage can be a nutrient-rich source, primarily composed of connective tissues like collagen, which may supply amino acids proline and glycine, supporting skin, hair, nails, and joint health.* Additionally, it may provide chondroitin and glucosamine, further promoting joint health.*
    • Beef liver may offer a source of vitamins A and B, particularly B12, to help support nerve function, DNA, and red blood cell production, along with vitamins B2, B3, B5, B6, and folate. The liver may also provide heme iron, which the body may absorb more easily. Beef liver may also contain copper, zinc, and choline.
    • This grass-fed beef cartilage supplement is non-GMO, Paleo-friendly, and gluten-free. Additionally, it is hormone-free. This beef cartilage & beef liver supplement comes with a 1-month supply in a convenient capsule format.
    • Codeage Grass-Fed Beef Cartilage is manufactured in the USA with global ingredients in a cGMP-certified facility for quality and purity.

    Supplement Facts

    Supplement Facts

    Ingredients

    Grass Fed Tracheal Cartilage (Bovine) (BSE-free), Grass Fed Liver (Bovine) (BSE-free). Other Ingredients: Methylcellulose Capsule.

    Suggested Use

    Adults take 3 to 6 capsules daily as directed by a healthcare professional with 8 ounces of water or your favorite beverage. May be taken with or without food.

    CAUTION: Do not exceed recommended dose. Pregnant, nursing mothers, children under 18 and individuals with a known medical condition should consult a physician before using this or any dietary supplement. Please use caution if you have allergies or sensitivities to any of the listed ingredients. Keep out of reach of children and pets. Do not use if safety seal is damaged or missing. Store in a cool dry place. Use this product as a food supplement only. Do not use for weight reduction.

    References

    Grass-Fed Beef Cartilage

    PDQ Integrative, Alternative, and Complementary Therapies Editorial Board. Cartilage (Bovine and Shark) (PDQ®): Health Professional Version. 2018 Aug 23. In: PDQ Cancer Information Summaries [Internet]. Bethesda (MD): National Cancer Institute (US); 2002-. 

    Prudden, J. F., & Balassa, L. L. (1974). The biological activity of bovine cartilage preparations. Clinical demonstration of their potent anti-inflammatory capacity with supplementary notes on certain relevant fundamental supportive studies. Seminars in arthritis and rheumatism, 3(4), 287321. DOI: 10.1016/0049-0172(74)90003-1

    Prudden J. F. (1985). The treatment of human cancer with agents prepared from bovine cartilage. Journal of biological response modifiers, 4(6), 551584. PMID: 4087031

    Tanzi EL, Perez M. The effect of a mucopolysaccharide-cartilage complex healing ointment on Er:YAG laser resurfaced facial skin. Dermatologic Surgery : Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et al.]. 2002 Apr;28(4):305-308. DOI: 10.1046/j.1524-4725.2002.01130.x

    Allen, J., & Prudden, J. F. (1966). Histologic response to a cartilage powder preparation in a controlled human study. American journal of surgery, 112(6), 888891. DOI: 10.1016/0002-9610(66)90144-9

    Gramajo, R. J., Cutroneo, E. J., Fernandez, D. E., Gibson, J. L., Cáceres Maldonado, J. C., Romero, F. L., & Houssay, R. H. (1989). A single-blind, placebo-controlled study of glycosaminoglycan-peptide complex ('Rumalon') in patients with osteoarthritis of the hip or knee. Current medical research and opinion, 11(6), 366373. DOI: 10.1185/03007998909110137

    HOUCK, J. C., JACOB, R. A., DEANGELO, L., & VICKERS, K. (1962). The inhibition of inflammation and the acceleration of tissue repair by cartilage powder. Surgery, 51, 632638. PMID: 14449250

    Katona G. (1987). A clinical trial of glycosaminoglycan-peptide complex ('Rumalon') in patients with osteoarthritis of the knee. Current medical research and opinion, 10(9), 625633. DOI: 10.1185/03007998709112416

    PRUDDEN, J. F., NISHIHARA, G., & BAKER, L. (1957). The acceleration of wound healing with cartilage. I. Surgery, gynecology & obstetrics, 105(3), 283286. PMID: 13467657

    Prudden JF, Allen J. The Clinical Acceleration of Healing With a Cartilage Preparation: A Controlled Study. JAMA. 1965;192(5):352356. doi:10.1001/jama.1965.03080180010002

    Bagchi D, Misner B, Bagchi M, et al. Effects of orally administered undenatured type II collagen against arthritic inflammatory diseases: a mechanistic exploration. International Journal of Clinical Pharmacology Research. 2002 ;22(3-4):101-110. PMID: 12837047

    Grass-Fed Beef Liver

    Duizer, L. M., Diana, A., Rathomi, H. S., Luftimas, D. E., Rahmannia, S., Santi, W., Nugraha, G. I., Haszard, J. J., Gibson, R. S., & Houghton, L. A. (2017). An Acceptability Trial of Desiccated Beef Liver and Meat Powder as Potential Fortifiers of Complementary Diets of Young Children in Indonesia. Journal of food science, 82(9), 22062212. DOI: 10.1111/1750-3841.13807

    Ross, A. C., Caballero, B. H., Cousins, R. J., Tucker, K. L., & Ziegler, T. R. (2012). Modern nutrition in health and disease: Eleventh edition. Wolters Kluwer Health Adis (ESP).

    Sanders LM, Zeisel SH. Choline: Dietary Requirements and Role in Brain Development. Nutr Today. 2007;42(4):181-186. doi: 10.1097/01.NT.0000286155.55343.fa

    Zeisel SH, da Costa KA. Choline: an essential nutrient for public health. Nutr Rev. 2009;67(11):615-623. doi: 10.1111/j.1753-4887.2009.00246.x

    Ercan Karaayak, Pınar & El, Sedef. (2011). Changes in content of coenzyme Q10 in beef muscle, beef liver and beef heart with cooking and in vitro digestion. Journal of Food Composition and Analysis - J FOOD COMPOS ANAL. 24. DOI: 10.1016/j.jfca.2011.05.002

    Prakash S, Sunitha J, Hans M. Role of coenzyme Q(10) as an antioxidant and bioenergizer in periodontal diseases. Indian J Pharmacol. 2010;42(6):334-337. doi: 10.4103/0253-7613.71884

    Rosenfeldt, Franklin & Hilton, Deborah & Pepe, Salvatore & Krum, Henry. (2003). Systematic review of effect of coenzyme Q10 in physical exercise, hypertension and heart failure. BioFactors (Oxford, England). 18. 91-100. DOI: 10.1002/biof.5520180211.

    Jafari, M., Mousavi, S. M., Asgharzadeh, A., & Yazdani, N. (2018). Coenzyme Q10 in the treatment of heart failure: A systematic review of systematic reviews. Indian heart journal, 70 Suppl 1(Suppl 1), S111S117. DOI: 10.1016/j.ihj.2018.01.031

    Ueland P. M. (2011). Choline and betaine in health and disease. Journal of inherited metabolic disease, 34(1), 315. DOI: 10.1007/s10545-010-9088-4

    Vitamin B12

    Lin, C. Y., Kuo, C. S., Lu, C. L., Wu, M. Y., & Huang, R. F. (2010). Elevated serum vitamin B(12) levels in association with tumor markers as the prognostic factors predictive for poor survival in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma. Nutrition and cancer, 62(2), 190197. DOI: 10.1080/01635580903305334

    Majaj A. S. (1966). Vitamin E-responsive macrocytic anemia in protein-calorie malnutrition. Measurements of vitamin E, folic acid, vitamin C, vitamin B12 and iron. The American journal of clinical nutrition, 18(5), 362368. DOI: 10.1093/ajcn/18.5.362

    Kwok, T., Tang, C., Woo, J., Lai, W. K., Law, L. K., & Pang, C. P. (1998). Randomized trial of the effect of supplementation on the cognitive function of older people with subnormal cobalamin levels. International journal of geriatric psychiatry, 13(9), 611616. DOI: 10.1002/(sici)1099-1166(199809)13:9<611::aid-gps832>3.0.co;2-o

    Lonn, E., Yusuf, S., Arnold, M. J., Sheridan, P., Pogue, J., Micks, M., McQueen, M. J., Probstfield, J., Fodor, G., Held, C., Genest, J., Jr, & Heart Outcomes Prevention Evaluation (HOPE) 2 Investigators (2006). Homocysteine lowering with folic acid and B vitamins in vascular disease. The New England journal of medicine, 354(15), 15671577. DOI: 10.1056/NEJMoa060900

    Kwok, T., Lee, J., Law, C. B., Pan, P. C., Yung, C. Y., Choi, K. C., & Lam, L. C. (2011). A randomized placebo controlled trial of homocysteine lowering to reduce cognitive decline in older demented people. Clinical nutrition (Edinburgh, Scotland), 30(3), 297302. DOI: 10.1016/j.clnu.2010.12.004

    Clarke R. (2000). Lowering blood homocysteine with folic acid-based supplements: meta-analysis of randomised trials. Indian heart journal, 52(7 Suppl), S59S64. PMID: 11339443

    Ma, E., Iwasaki, M., Kobayashi, M., Kasuga, Y., Yokoyama, S., Onuma, H., Nishimura, H., Kusama, R., & Tsugane, S. (2009). Dietary intake of folate, vitamin B2, vitamin B6, vitamin B12, genetic polymorphism of related enzymes, and risk of breast cancer: a case-control study in Japan. Nutrition and cancer, 61(4), 447456. DOI: 10.1080/01635580802610123

    Malouf, R., & Areosa Sastre, A. (2003). Vitamin B12 for cognition. The Cochrane database of systematic reviews, (3), CD004326. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD004326

    Malouf, R., & Grimley Evans, J. (2008). Folic acid with or without vitamin B12 for the prevention and treatment of healthy elderly and demented people. The Cochrane database of systematic reviews, (4), CD004514. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD004514.pub2

    McNulty, H., Pentieva, K., Hoey, L., & Ward, M. (2008). Homocysteine, B-vitamins and CVD. The Proceedings of the Nutrition Society, 67(2), 232237. DOI: 10.1017/S0029665108007076

    Vitamin A

    Green AS, Fascetti AJ. Meeting the Vitamin A Requirement: The Efficacy and Importance of β-Carotene in Animal Species. ScientificWorldJournal. 2016;2016:7393620. doi: 10.1155/2016/7393620

    Marjorie J Haskell, The challenge to reach nutritional adequacy for vitamin A: β-carotene bioavailability and conversionevidence in humans, The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Volume 96, Issue 5, November 2012, Pages 1193S1203S, DOI: 10.3945/ajcn.112.034850

    De Pee, S., & Bloem, M. W. (2007). The bioavailability of (pro) vitamin A carotenoids and maximizing the contribution of homestead food production to combating vitamin A deficiency. International journal for vitamin and nutrition research. Internationale Zeitschrift fur Vitamin- und Ernahrungsforschung. Journal international de vitaminologie et de nutrition, 77(3), 182192. DOI: 10.1024/0300-9831.77.3.182

    De Pee, S., & West, C. E. (1996). Dietary carotenoids and their role in combating vitamin A deficiency: a review of the literature. European journal of clinical nutrition, 50 Suppl 3, S38S53. PMID: 8841773

    Van Loo-Bouwman, C. A., West, C. E., van Breemen, R. B., Zhu, D., Siebelink, E., Versloot, P., Hulshof, P. J., van Lieshout, M., Russel, F. G., Schaafsma, G., & Naber, T. H. (2009). Vitamin A equivalency of beta-carotene in healthy adults: limitation of the extrinsic dual-isotope dilution technique to measure matrix effect. The British journal of nutrition, 101(12), 18371845. DOI: 10.1017/S0007114508131762

    Hyaluronic Acid

    Henrotin, Y., Mobasheri, A., & Marty, M. (2012). Is there any scientific evidence for the use of glucosamine in the management of human osteoarthritis?. Arthritis research & therapy, 14(1), 201. DOI: 10.1186/ar3657

    Uebelhart D, Williams JM. Effects of hyaluronic acid on cartilage degradation. Current Opinion in Rheumatology. 1999 Sep;11(5):427-435. DOI: 10.1097/00002281-199909000-00018 

    Reginster, J. Y., Bruyere, O., & Neuprez, A. (2007). Current role of glucosamine in the treatment of osteoarthritis. Rheumatology (Oxford, England), 46(5), 731735. DOI: 10.1093/rheumatology/kem026

    Bruyere, O., & Reginster, J. Y. (2007). Glucosamine and chondroitin sulfate as therapeutic agents for knee and hip osteoarthritis. Drugs & aging, 24(7), 573580. DOI: 10.2165/00002512-200724070-00005

    Holmes MW, Bayliss MT, Muir H. Hyaluronic acid in human articular cartilage. Age-related changes in content and size. Biochem J. 1988;250(2):435-441. doi: 10.1042/bj2500435

    Roughley, P. J., White, R. J., & Poole, A. R. (1985). Identification of a hyaluronic acid-binding protein that interferes with the preparation of high-buoyant-density proteoglycan aggregates from adult human articular cartilage. The Biochemical journal, 231(1), 129138. DOI: 10.1042/bj2310129

    Hitchcock AM, Yates KE, Shortkroff S, Costello CE, Zaia J. Optimized extraction of glycosaminoglycans from normal and osteoarthritic cartilage for glycomics profiling [published correction appears in Glycobiology. 2007 Oct;17(10):1030]. Glycobiology. 2007;17(1):25-35. doi: 10.1093/glycob/cwl046

    Allen, R. G., Burstein, D., & Gray, M. L. (1999). Monitoring glycosaminoglycan replenishment in cartilage explants with gadolinium-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging. Journal of orthopaedic research : official publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society, 17(3), 430436. DOI: 10.1002/jor.1100170320

    Russo, F., D'Este, M., Vadalà, G., Cattani, C., Papalia, R., Alini, M., & Denaro, V. (2016). Platelet Rich Plasma and Hyaluronic Acid Blend for the Treatment of Osteoarthritis: Rheological and Biological Evaluation. PloS one, 11(6), e0157048. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0157048

    Cartilage
    and liver.

    Beef cartilage - Beef liver
    Grass-fed - Pasture-raised
    Freeze-dried - Desiccated

    Codeage Grass-Fed Beef Cartilage Glandular Supplement

    SUGGESTED USE.

    Adults take 3 to 6 capsules daily as directed by a healthcare professional with 8 ounces of water or your favorite beverage. May be taken with or without food.

    SEE CAUTION

    CAUTION: Do not exceed recommended dose. Pregnant, nursing mothers, children under 18 and individuals with a known medical condition should consult a physician before using this or any dietary supplement. Please use caution if you have allergies or sensitivities to any of the listed ingredients. Keep out of reach of children and pets. Do not use if safety seal is damaged or missing. Store in a cool dry place. Use this product as a food supplement only. Do not use for weight reduction.

    ADDITIONAL DETAILS.

    Grass-fed Bovine Tracheal Cartilage and Bovine Liver
    See References

    References

    Grass-Fed Beef Cartilage

    PDQ Integrative, Alternative, and Complementary Therapies Editorial Board. Cartilage (Bovine and Shark) (PDQ®): Health Professional Version. 2018 Aug 23. In: PDQ Cancer Information Summaries [Internet]. Bethesda (MD): National Cancer Institute (US); 2002-. 

    Prudden, J. F., & Balassa, L. L. (1974). The biological activity of bovine cartilage preparations. Clinical demonstration of their potent anti-inflammatory capacity with supplementary notes on certain relevant fundamental supportive studies. Seminars in arthritis and rheumatism, 3(4), 287321. DOI: 10.1016/0049-0172(74)90003-1

    Prudden J. F. (1985). The treatment of human cancer with agents prepared from bovine cartilage. Journal of biological response modifiers, 4(6), 551584. PMID: 4087031

    Tanzi EL, Perez M. The effect of a mucopolysaccharide-cartilage complex healing ointment on Er:YAG laser resurfaced facial skin. Dermatologic Surgery : Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et al.]. 2002 Apr;28(4):305-308. DOI: 10.1046/j.1524-4725.2002.01130.x

    Allen, J., & Prudden, J. F. (1966). Histologic response to a cartilage powder preparation in a controlled human study. American journal of surgery, 112(6), 888891. DOI: 10.1016/0002-9610(66)90144-9

    Gramajo, R. J., Cutroneo, E. J., Fernandez, D. E., Gibson, J. L., Cáceres Maldonado, J. C., Romero, F. L., & Houssay, R. H. (1989). A single-blind, placebo-controlled study of glycosaminoglycan-peptide complex ('Rumalon') in patients with osteoarthritis of the hip or knee. Current medical research and opinion, 11(6), 366373. DOI: 10.1185/03007998909110137

    HOUCK, J. C., JACOB, R. A., DEANGELO, L., & VICKERS, K. (1962). The inhibition of inflammation and the acceleration of tissue repair by cartilage powder. Surgery, 51, 632638. PMID: 14449250

    Katona G. (1987). A clinical trial of glycosaminoglycan-peptide complex ('Rumalon') in patients with osteoarthritis of the knee. Current medical research and opinion, 10(9), 625633. DOI: 10.1185/03007998709112416

    PRUDDEN, J. F., NISHIHARA, G., & BAKER, L. (1957). The acceleration of wound healing with cartilage. I. Surgery, gynecology & obstetrics, 105(3), 283286. PMID: 13467657

    Prudden JF, Allen J. The Clinical Acceleration of Healing With a Cartilage Preparation: A Controlled Study. JAMA. 1965;192(5):352356. doi:10.1001/jama.1965.03080180010002

    Bagchi D, Misner B, Bagchi M, et al. Effects of orally administered undenatured type II collagen against arthritic inflammatory diseases: a mechanistic exploration. International Journal of Clinical Pharmacology Research. 2002 ;22(3-4):101-110. PMID: 12837047

    Grass-Fed Beef Liver

    Duizer, L. M., Diana, A., Rathomi, H. S., Luftimas, D. E., Rahmannia, S., Santi, W., Nugraha, G. I., Haszard, J. J., Gibson, R. S., & Houghton, L. A. (2017). An Acceptability Trial of Desiccated Beef Liver and Meat Powder as Potential Fortifiers of Complementary Diets of Young Children in Indonesia. Journal of food science, 82(9), 22062212. DOI: 10.1111/1750-3841.13807

    Ross, A. C., Caballero, B. H., Cousins, R. J., Tucker, K. L., & Ziegler, T. R. (2012). Modern nutrition in health and disease: Eleventh edition. Wolters Kluwer Health Adis (ESP).

    Sanders LM, Zeisel SH. Choline: Dietary Requirements and Role in Brain Development. Nutr Today. 2007;42(4):181-186. doi: 10.1097/01.NT.0000286155.55343.fa

    Zeisel SH, da Costa KA. Choline: an essential nutrient for public health. Nutr Rev. 2009;67(11):615-623. doi: 10.1111/j.1753-4887.2009.00246.x

    Ercan Karaayak, Pınar & El, Sedef. (2011). Changes in content of coenzyme Q10 in beef muscle, beef liver and beef heart with cooking and in vitro digestion. Journal of Food Composition and Analysis - J FOOD COMPOS ANAL. 24. DOI: 10.1016/j.jfca.2011.05.002

    Prakash S, Sunitha J, Hans M. Role of coenzyme Q(10) as an antioxidant and bioenergizer in periodontal diseases. Indian J Pharmacol. 2010;42(6):334-337. doi: 10.4103/0253-7613.71884

    Rosenfeldt, Franklin & Hilton, Deborah & Pepe, Salvatore & Krum, Henry. (2003). Systematic review of effect of coenzyme Q10 in physical exercise, hypertension and heart failure. BioFactors (Oxford, England). 18. 91-100. DOI: 10.1002/biof.5520180211.

    Jafari, M., Mousavi, S. M., Asgharzadeh, A., & Yazdani, N. (2018). Coenzyme Q10 in the treatment of heart failure: A systematic review of systematic reviews. Indian heart journal, 70 Suppl 1(Suppl 1), S111S117. DOI: 10.1016/j.ihj.2018.01.031

    Ueland P. M. (2011). Choline and betaine in health and disease. Journal of inherited metabolic disease, 34(1), 315. DOI: 10.1007/s10545-010-9088-4

    Vitamin B12

    Lin, C. Y., Kuo, C. S., Lu, C. L., Wu, M. Y., & Huang, R. F. (2010). Elevated serum vitamin B(12) levels in association with tumor markers as the prognostic factors predictive for poor survival in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma. Nutrition and cancer, 62(2), 190197. DOI: 10.1080/01635580903305334

    Majaj A. S. (1966). Vitamin E-responsive macrocytic anemia in protein-calorie malnutrition. Measurements of vitamin E, folic acid, vitamin C, vitamin B12 and iron. The American journal of clinical nutrition, 18(5), 362368. DOI: 10.1093/ajcn/18.5.362

    Kwok, T., Tang, C., Woo, J., Lai, W. K., Law, L. K., & Pang, C. P. (1998). Randomized trial of the effect of supplementation on the cognitive function of older people with subnormal cobalamin levels. International journal of geriatric psychiatry, 13(9), 611616. DOI: 10.1002/(sici)1099-1166(199809)13:9<611::aid-gps832>3.0.co;2-o

    Lonn, E., Yusuf, S., Arnold, M. J., Sheridan, P., Pogue, J., Micks, M., McQueen, M. J., Probstfield, J., Fodor, G., Held, C., Genest, J., Jr, & Heart Outcomes Prevention Evaluation (HOPE) 2 Investigators (2006). Homocysteine lowering with folic acid and B vitamins in vascular disease. The New England journal of medicine, 354(15), 15671577. DOI: 10.1056/NEJMoa060900

    Kwok, T., Lee, J., Law, C. B., Pan, P. C., Yung, C. Y., Choi, K. C., & Lam, L. C. (2011). A randomized placebo controlled trial of homocysteine lowering to reduce cognitive decline in older demented people. Clinical nutrition (Edinburgh, Scotland), 30(3), 297302. DOI: 10.1016/j.clnu.2010.12.004

    Clarke R. (2000). Lowering blood homocysteine with folic acid-based supplements: meta-analysis of randomised trials. Indian heart journal, 52(7 Suppl), S59S64. PMID: 11339443

    Ma, E., Iwasaki, M., Kobayashi, M., Kasuga, Y., Yokoyama, S., Onuma, H., Nishimura, H., Kusama, R., & Tsugane, S. (2009). Dietary intake of folate, vitamin B2, vitamin B6, vitamin B12, genetic polymorphism of related enzymes, and risk of breast cancer: a case-control study in Japan. Nutrition and cancer, 61(4), 447456. DOI: 10.1080/01635580802610123

    Malouf, R., & Areosa Sastre, A. (2003). Vitamin B12 for cognition. The Cochrane database of systematic reviews, (3), CD004326. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD004326

    Malouf, R., & Grimley Evans, J. (2008). Folic acid with or without vitamin B12 for the prevention and treatment of healthy elderly and demented people. The Cochrane database of systematic reviews, (4), CD004514. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD004514.pub2

    McNulty, H., Pentieva, K., Hoey, L., & Ward, M. (2008). Homocysteine, B-vitamins and CVD. The Proceedings of the Nutrition Society, 67(2), 232237. DOI: 10.1017/S0029665108007076

    Vitamin A

    Green AS, Fascetti AJ. Meeting the Vitamin A Requirement: The Efficacy and Importance of β-Carotene in Animal Species. ScientificWorldJournal. 2016;2016:7393620. doi: 10.1155/2016/7393620

    Marjorie J Haskell, The challenge to reach nutritional adequacy for vitamin A: β-carotene bioavailability and conversionevidence in humans, The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Volume 96, Issue 5, November 2012, Pages 1193S1203S, DOI: 10.3945/ajcn.112.034850

    De Pee, S., & Bloem, M. W. (2007). The bioavailability of (pro) vitamin A carotenoids and maximizing the contribution of homestead food production to combating vitamin A deficiency. International journal for vitamin and nutrition research. Internationale Zeitschrift fur Vitamin- und Ernahrungsforschung. Journal international de vitaminologie et de nutrition, 77(3), 182192. DOI: 10.1024/0300-9831.77.3.182

    De Pee, S., & West, C. E. (1996). Dietary carotenoids and their role in combating vitamin A deficiency: a review of the literature. European journal of clinical nutrition, 50 Suppl 3, S38S53. PMID: 8841773

    Van Loo-Bouwman, C. A., West, C. E., van Breemen, R. B., Zhu, D., Siebelink, E., Versloot, P., Hulshof, P. J., van Lieshout, M., Russel, F. G., Schaafsma, G., & Naber, T. H. (2009). Vitamin A equivalency of beta-carotene in healthy adults: limitation of the extrinsic dual-isotope dilution technique to measure matrix effect. The British journal of nutrition, 101(12), 18371845. DOI: 10.1017/S0007114508131762

    Hyaluronic Acid

    Henrotin, Y., Mobasheri, A., & Marty, M. (2012). Is there any scientific evidence for the use of glucosamine in the management of human osteoarthritis?. Arthritis research & therapy, 14(1), 201. DOI: 10.1186/ar3657

    Uebelhart D, Williams JM. Effects of hyaluronic acid on cartilage degradation. Current Opinion in Rheumatology. 1999 Sep;11(5):427-435. DOI: 10.1097/00002281-199909000-00018 

    Reginster, J. Y., Bruyere, O., & Neuprez, A. (2007). Current role of glucosamine in the treatment of osteoarthritis. Rheumatology (Oxford, England), 46(5), 731735. DOI: 10.1093/rheumatology/kem026

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