Zoom Beef Kidney Supplement Glandulars Supplement Freeze Dried, Non-Defatted & Desiccated Codeage DAO Supplement

Grass Fed Beef Kidney

Freeze-Dried Kidney Extract In Capsule Form
    $35.99
    78 reviews
    Argentinian Beef

    Description

    Product Details

    • 3,000 mg of grass-fed bovine kidney per serving
    • Made from grass-fed, grass-finished, pasture-raised beef from Argentina
    • Freeze dried, non-defatted, and desiccated beef kidney glandular supplement
    • Source of vitamins and micronutrients found in the kidney tissue*
    • Non-GMO
    • Gluten and hormones free
    • Free of any fillers, binders, or flow agents
    • 1 month supply
    • Easy to use capsules
    • Manufactured in the USA in a cGMP certified facility
    • Third party tested

    Featured Ingredients

    Beef Kidney

    Source of selenium, vitamins A & B, phosphorus, zinc, iron and copper

    Selenium

    A trace mineral with antioxidant properties*

    Vitamin B2

    One of the eight B vitamins also known as riboflavin

    Vitamin B6

    A water-soluble vitamin for several functions*

    Vitamin B12

    A nutrient also known as cobalamin

    Superfood

    Grass fed Argentinian beef kidney provides enzymes, minerals, vitamins, and cofactors found in the kidney tissue.*

    Suggested use

    Adults take 3 to 6 capsules daily as directed by a healthcare professional with 8 ounces of water or your favorite beverage. May be taken with or without food.

    See caution

    CAUTION: Do not exceed recommended dose. Pregnant, nursing mothers, children under 18 and individuals with a known medical condition should consult a physician before using this or any dietary supplement. Please use caution if you have allergies or sensitivities to any of the listed ingredients. Keep out of reach of children and pets. Do not use if safety seal is damaged or missing. Store in a cool dry place. Use this product as a food supplement only. Do not use for weight reduction.

    Additional Details

    Superfood

    Grass fed Argentinian beef kidney provides enzymes, minerals, vitamins, and cofactors found in the kidney tissue.*

    See all ingredients

    Ingredients:

    Grass-fed Kidney (Bovine) (BSE-free). Other Ingredients: Methylcellulose Capsule.

    Pairs With

    References

    Beef Kidney

    M. Faber, F.A.M. Wenhold. 16 - Trace elements and oral health. Michael Wilson. In Woodhead Publishing Series in Food Science. Technology and Nutrition. Food Constituents and Oral Health. Woodhead Publishing. 2009. 331-349. 9781845694180. DOI: 10.1533/9781845696290.2.331

    P.A. Tsuji, J.A. Canter, L.E. Rosso. Trace Minerals and Trace Elements. Benjamin Caballero, Paul M. Finglas, Fidel Toldrá. Encyclopedia of Food and Health. Academic Press. 2016. 331-338. 9780123849533. DOI: 10.1016/B978-0-12-384947-2.00699-1

    See more

    Sornwichate Rattanachaiwong, Pierre Singer. Diets and Diet Therapy: Trace Elements. Pasquale Ferranti, Elliot M. Berry, Jock R. Anderson. Encyclopedia of Food Security and Sustainability. Elsevier. 2019. 143-160. 9780128126882. DOI: 10.1016/B978-0-08-100596-5.21941-0

    Steven M. Lonergan, David G. Topel, Dennis N. Marple. Chapter 13 - Fresh and cured meat processing and preservation. Steven M. Lonergan, David G. Topel, Dennis N. Marple. The Science of Animal Growth and Meat Technology (Second Edition). Academic Press. 2019. 205-228. 9780128152775. DOI: 10.1016/B978-0-12-815277-5.00013-5

    Martin Kohlmeier. Chapter 11 - Minerals and Trace Elements. Martin Kohlmeier. Nutrient Metabolism (Second Edition). Academic Press. 2015. 673-807. 9780123877840. DOI: 10.1016/B978-0-12-387784-0.00011-0

    H.W. Ockerman, L. Basu. BY-PRODUCTS | Edible, for Human Consumption. Michael Dikeman, Carrick Devine. Encyclopedia of Meat Sciences (Second Edition). Academic Press. 2014. 104-111. 9780123847348. DOI: 10.1016/B978-0-12-384731-7.00031-3

    Robert Heaney. Chapter 42 Osteoporosis. Ann M. Coulston, Cheryl L. Rock, Elaine R. Monsen. Nutrition in the Prevention and Treatment of Disease. Academic Press. 2001. 653-684. 9780121931551. DOI: 10.1016/B978-012193155-1/50044-1

    R.A. Lawrie. Chapter 5 - The conversion of muscle to meat. R.A. Lawrie. In Woodhead Publishing Series in Food Science. Technology and Nutrition. Lawrie's Meat Science (Seventh Edition). Woodhead Publishing. 2006. 128-156. 9781845691592. DOI: 10.1533/9781845691615.128

    Martin Kohlmeier. Chapter 8 - Amino Acids and Nitrogen Compounds. Martin Kohlmeier. Nutrient Metabolism (Second Edition). Academic Press. 2015. 265-477. 9780123877840. DOI: 10.1016/B978-0-12-387784-0.00008-0

    Selenium

    Tinggi U. Selenium: its role as antioxidant in human health. Environ Health Prev Med. 2008;13(2):102-108. doi: 10.1007/s12199-007-0019-4

    Papp, L. V., Holmgren, A., & Khanna, K. K. (2010). Selenium and selenoproteins in health and disease. Antioxidants & redox signaling, 12(7), 793795. DOI: 10.1089/ars.2009.2973

    Touat-Hamici, Z., Legrain, Y., Bulteau, A. L., & Chavatte, L. (2014). Selective up-regulation of human selenoproteins in response to oxidative stress. The Journal of biological chemistry, 289(21), 1475014761. DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M114.551994

    Kurokawa, S., & Berry, M. J. (2013). Selenium. Role of the essential metalloid in health. Metal ions in life sciences, 13, 499534. DOI: 10.1007/978-94-007-7500-8_16

    Hariharan, S., & Dharmaraj, S. (2020). Selenium and selenoproteins: it's role in regulation of inflammation. Inflammopharmacology, 28(3), 667695. DOI: 10.1007/s10787-020-00690-x

    Guillin, O. M., Vindry, C., Ohlmann, T., & Chavatte, L. (2019). Selenium, Selenoproteins and Viral Infection. Nutrients, 11(9), 2101. DOI: 10.3390/nu11092101

    Kuganesan, M., Samra, K., Evans, E., Singer, M., & Dyson, A. (2019). Selenium and hydrogen selenide: essential micronutrient and the fourth gasotransmitter?. Intensive care medicine experimental, 7(1), 71. DOI: 10.1186/s40635-019-0281-y

    Zoidis, E., Seremelis, I., Kontopoulos, N., & Danezis, G. P. (2018). Selenium-Dependent Antioxidant Enzymes: Actions and Properties of Selenoproteins. Antioxidants (Basel, Switzerland), 7(5), 66. DOI: 10.3390/antiox7050066

    Ferguson, L. R., Karunasinghe, N., Zhu, S., & Wang, A. H. (2012). Selenium and its' role in the maintenance of genomic stability. Mutation research, 733(1-2), 100110. DOI: 10.1016/j.mrfmmm.2011.12.011

    Mangiapane, E., Pessione, A., & Pessione, E. (2014). Selenium and selenoproteins: an overview on different biological systems. Current protein & peptide science, 15(6), 598607. DOI: 10.2174/1389203715666140608151134

    Papp, L. V., Lu, J., Holmgren, A., & Khanna, K. K. (2007). From selenium to selenoproteins: synthesis, identity, and their role in human health. Antioxidants & redox signaling, 9(7), 775806. DOI: 10.1089/ars.2007.1528

    Vitamin B2

    Suwannasom N, Kao I, Pruß A, Georgieva R, Bäumler H. Riboflavin: The Health Benefits of a Forgotten Natural Vitamin. Int J Mol Sci. 2020;21(3):950. Published 2020 Jan 31. doi: 10.3390/ijms21030950

    Saedisomeolia, A., & Ashoori, M. (2018). Riboflavin in Human Health: A Review of Current Evidences. Advances in food and nutrition research, 83, 5781. DOI: 10.1016/bs.afnr.2017.11.002

    Ashoori, M., & Saedisomeolia, A. (2014). Riboflavin (vitamin B) and oxidative stress: a review. The British journal of nutrition, 111(11), 19851991. DOI: 10.1017/S0007114514000178

    Namazi, N., Heshmati, J., & Tarighat-Esfanjani, A. (2015). Supplementation with Riboflavin (Vitamin B2) for Migraine Prophylaxis in Adults and Children: A Review. International journal for vitamin and nutrition research. Internationale Zeitschrift fur Vitamin- und Ernahrungsforschung. Journal international de vitaminologie et de nutrition, 85(1-2), 7987. DOI: 10.1024/0300-9831/a000225

    Rokitzki, L., Sagredos, A., Keck, E., Sauer, B., & Keul, J. (1994). Assessment of vitamin B2 status in performance athletes of various types of sports. Journal of nutritional science and vitaminology, 40(1), 1122. DOI: 10.3177/jnsv.40.11

    Vitamin B6

    Spinneker, A., Sola, R., Lemmen, V., Castillo, M. J., Pietrzik, K., & González-Gross, M. (2007). Vitamin B6 status, deficiency and its consequences--an overview. Nutricion hospitalaria, 22(1), 724. PMID: 17260529

    Bird R. P. (2018). The Emerging Role of Vitamin B6 in Inflammation and Carcinogenesis. Advances in food and nutrition research, 83, 151194. DOI: 10.1016/bs.afnr.2017.11.004

    Rosenberg, J., Ischebeck, T., & Commichau, F. M. (2017). Vitamin B6 metabolism in microbes and approaches for fermentative production. Biotechnology advances, 35(1), 3140. DOI: 10.1016/j.biotechadv.2016.11.004

    Ramos, R. J., Pras-Raves, M. L., Gerrits, J., van der Ham, M., Willemsen, M., Prinsen, H., Burgering, B., Jans, J. J., & Verhoeven-Duif, N. M. (2017). Vitamin B6 is essential for serine de novo biosynthesis. Journal of inherited metabolic disease, 40(6), 883891. DOI: 10.1007/s10545-017-0061-3

    Friso, S., Lotto, V., Corrocher, R., & Choi, S. W. (2012). Vitamin B6 and cardiovascular disease. Sub-cellular biochemistry, 56, 265290. DOI: 10.1007/978-94-007-2199-9_14

    Iqbal, M. P., Ishaq, M., Kazmi, K. A., Yousuf, F. A., Mehboobali, N., Ali, S. A., Khan, A. H., & Waqar, M. A. (2005). Role of vitamins B6, B12 and folic acid on hyperhomocysteinemia in a Pakistani population of patients with acute myocardial infarction. Nutrition, metabolism, and cardiovascular diseases : NMCD, 15(2), 100108. DOI: 10.1016/j.numecd.2004.05.003

    Herrmann, W., Lorenzl, S., & Obeid, R. (2007). Hyperhomocysteinämie und B-Vitaminmangel bei neurologischen und psychiatrischen Erkrankungen--Aktueller Kenntnisstand und vorläufige Empfehlungen [Review of the role of hyperhomocysteinemia and B-vitamin deficiency in neurological and psychiatric disorders--current evidence and preliminary recommendations]. Fortschritte der Neurologie-Psychiatrie, 75(9), 515527. DOI: 10.1055/s-2007-980112

    Vitamin B12

    Lin, C. Y., Kuo, C. S., Lu, C. L., Wu, M. Y., & Huang, R. F. (2010). Elevated serum vitamin B(12) levels in association with tumor markers as the prognostic factors predictive for poor survival in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma. Nutrition and cancer, 62(2), 190197. DOI: 10.1080/01635580903305334

    Majaj A. S. (1966). Vitamin E-responsive macrocytic anemia in protein-calorie malnutrition. Measurements of vitamin E, folic acid, vitamin C, vitamin B12 and iron. The American journal of clinical nutrition, 18(5), 362368. DOI: 10.1093/ajcn/18.5.362

    Kwok, T., Tang, C., Woo, J., Lai, W. K., Law, L. K., & Pang, C. P. (1998). Randomized trial of the effect of supplementation on the cognitive function of older people with subnormal cobalamin levels. International journal of geriatric psychiatry, 13(9), 611616. DOI: 10.1002/(sici)1099-1166(199809)13:9<611::aid-gps832>3.0.co;2-o

    Lonn, E., Yusuf, S., Arnold, M. J., Sheridan, P., Pogue, J., Micks, M., McQueen, M. J., Probstfield, J., Fodor, G., Held, C., Genest, J., Jr, & Heart Outcomes Prevention Evaluation (HOPE) 2 Investigators (2006). Homocysteine lowering with folic acid and B vitamins in vascular disease. The New England journal of medicine, 354(15), 15671577. DOI: 10.1056/NEJMoa060900

    Kwok, T., Lee, J., Law, C. B., Pan, P. C., Yung, C. Y., Choi, K. C., & Lam, L. C. (2011). A randomized placebo controlled trial of homocysteine lowering to reduce cognitive decline in older demented people. Clinical nutrition (Edinburgh, Scotland), 30(3), 297302. DOI: 10.1016/j.clnu.2010.12.004

    Clarke R. (2000). Lowering blood homocysteine with folic acid-based supplements: meta-analysis of randomised trials. Indian heart journal, 52(7 Suppl), S59S64. PMID: 11339443

    Ma, E., Iwasaki, M., Kobayashi, M., Kasuga, Y., Yokoyama, S., Onuma, H., Nishimura, H., Kusama, R., & Tsugane, S. (2009). Dietary intake of folate, vitamin B2, vitamin B6, vitamin B12, genetic polymorphism of related enzymes, and risk of breast cancer: a case-control study in Japan. Nutrition and cancer, 61(4), 447456. DOI: 10.1080/01635580802610123

    Malouf, R., & Areosa Sastre, A. (2003). Vitamin B12 for cognition. The Cochrane database of systematic reviews, (3), CD004326. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD004326

    Malouf, R., & Grimley Evans, J. (2008). Folic acid with or without vitamin B12 for the prevention and treatment of healthy elderly and demented people. The Cochrane database of systematic reviews, (4), CD004514. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD004514.pub2

    McNulty, H., Pentieva, K., Hoey, L., & Ward, M. (2008). Homocysteine, B-vitamins and CVD. The Proceedings of the Nutrition Society, 67(2), 232237. DOI: 10.1017/S0029665108007076

    Chen, K. J., Pan, W. H., Yang, F. L., Wei, I. L., Shaw, N. S., & Lin, B. F. (2005). Association of B vitamins status and homocysteine levels in elderly Taiwanese. Asia Pacific journal of clinical nutrition, 14(3), 250255. PMID: 16169836

    Supplement Facts

    Ingredients

    Suggested Use

    References

    Product Details

    • 3,000 mg of grass-fed bovine kidney per serving
    • Made from grass-fed, grass-finished, pasture-raised beef from Argentina
    • Freeze dried, non-defatted, and desiccated beef kidney glandular supplement
    • Source of vitamins and micronutrients found in the kidney tissue*
    • Non-GMO
    • Gluten and hormones free
    • Free of any fillers, binders, or flow agents
    • 1 month supply
    • Easy to use capsules
    • Manufactured in the USA in a cGMP certified facility
    • Third party tested

    Featured Ingredients

    Beef Kidney

    Source of selenium, vitamins A & B, phosphorus, zinc, iron and copper

    Selenium

    A trace mineral with antioxidant properties*

    Vitamin B2

    One of the eight B vitamins also known as riboflavin

    Vitamin B6

    A water-soluble vitamin for several functions*

    Vitamin B12

    A nutrient also known as cobalamin

    Superfood

    Grass fed Argentinian beef kidney provides enzymes, minerals, vitamins, and cofactors found in the kidney tissue.*

    Suggested use

    Adults take 3 to 6 capsules daily as directed by a healthcare professional with 8 ounces of water or your favorite beverage. May be taken with or without food.

    See caution

    CAUTION: Do not exceed recommended dose. Pregnant, nursing mothers, children under 18 and individuals with a known medical condition should consult a physician before using this or any dietary supplement. Please use caution if you have allergies or sensitivities to any of the listed ingredients. Keep out of reach of children and pets. Do not use if safety seal is damaged or missing. Store in a cool dry place. Use this product as a food supplement only. Do not use for weight reduction.

    Additional Details

    Superfood

    Grass fed Argentinian beef kidney provides enzymes, minerals, vitamins, and cofactors found in the kidney tissue.*

    See all ingredients

    Ingredients:

    Grass-fed Kidney (Bovine) (BSE-free). Other Ingredients: Methylcellulose Capsule.

    Pairs With

    References

    Beef Kidney

    M. Faber, F.A.M. Wenhold. 16 - Trace elements and oral health. Michael Wilson. In Woodhead Publishing Series in Food Science. Technology and Nutrition. Food Constituents and Oral Health. Woodhead Publishing. 2009. 331-349. 9781845694180. DOI: 10.1533/9781845696290.2.331

    P.A. Tsuji, J.A. Canter, L.E. Rosso. Trace Minerals and Trace Elements. Benjamin Caballero, Paul M. Finglas, Fidel Toldrá. Encyclopedia of Food and Health. Academic Press. 2016. 331-338. 9780123849533. DOI: 10.1016/B978-0-12-384947-2.00699-1

    See more

    Sornwichate Rattanachaiwong, Pierre Singer. Diets and Diet Therapy: Trace Elements. Pasquale Ferranti, Elliot M. Berry, Jock R. Anderson. Encyclopedia of Food Security and Sustainability. Elsevier. 2019. 143-160. 9780128126882. DOI: 10.1016/B978-0-08-100596-5.21941-0

    Steven M. Lonergan, David G. Topel, Dennis N. Marple. Chapter 13 - Fresh and cured meat processing and preservation. Steven M. Lonergan, David G. Topel, Dennis N. Marple. The Science of Animal Growth and Meat Technology (Second Edition). Academic Press. 2019. 205-228. 9780128152775. DOI: 10.1016/B978-0-12-815277-5.00013-5

    Martin Kohlmeier. Chapter 11 - Minerals and Trace Elements. Martin Kohlmeier. Nutrient Metabolism (Second Edition). Academic Press. 2015. 673-807. 9780123877840. DOI: 10.1016/B978-0-12-387784-0.00011-0

    H.W. Ockerman, L. Basu. BY-PRODUCTS | Edible, for Human Consumption. Michael Dikeman, Carrick Devine. Encyclopedia of Meat Sciences (Second Edition). Academic Press. 2014. 104-111. 9780123847348. DOI: 10.1016/B978-0-12-384731-7.00031-3

    Robert Heaney. Chapter 42 Osteoporosis. Ann M. Coulston, Cheryl L. Rock, Elaine R. Monsen. Nutrition in the Prevention and Treatment of Disease. Academic Press. 2001. 653-684. 9780121931551. DOI: 10.1016/B978-012193155-1/50044-1

    R.A. Lawrie. Chapter 5 - The conversion of muscle to meat. R.A. Lawrie. In Woodhead Publishing Series in Food Science. Technology and Nutrition. Lawrie's Meat Science (Seventh Edition). Woodhead Publishing. 2006. 128-156. 9781845691592. DOI: 10.1533/9781845691615.128

    Martin Kohlmeier. Chapter 8 - Amino Acids and Nitrogen Compounds. Martin Kohlmeier. Nutrient Metabolism (Second Edition). Academic Press. 2015. 265-477. 9780123877840. DOI: 10.1016/B978-0-12-387784-0.00008-0

    Selenium

    Tinggi U. Selenium: its role as antioxidant in human health. Environ Health Prev Med. 2008;13(2):102-108. doi: 10.1007/s12199-007-0019-4

    Papp, L. V., Holmgren, A., & Khanna, K. K. (2010). Selenium and selenoproteins in health and disease. Antioxidants & redox signaling, 12(7), 793795. DOI: 10.1089/ars.2009.2973

    Touat-Hamici, Z., Legrain, Y., Bulteau, A. L., & Chavatte, L. (2014). Selective up-regulation of human selenoproteins in response to oxidative stress. The Journal of biological chemistry, 289(21), 1475014761. DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M114.551994

    Kurokawa, S., & Berry, M. J. (2013). Selenium. Role of the essential metalloid in health. Metal ions in life sciences, 13, 499534. DOI: 10.1007/978-94-007-7500-8_16

    Hariharan, S., & Dharmaraj, S. (2020). Selenium and selenoproteins: it's role in regulation of inflammation. Inflammopharmacology, 28(3), 667695. DOI: 10.1007/s10787-020-00690-x

    Guillin, O. M., Vindry, C., Ohlmann, T., & Chavatte, L. (2019). Selenium, Selenoproteins and Viral Infection. Nutrients, 11(9), 2101. DOI: 10.3390/nu11092101

    Kuganesan, M., Samra, K., Evans, E., Singer, M., & Dyson, A. (2019). Selenium and hydrogen selenide: essential micronutrient and the fourth gasotransmitter?. Intensive care medicine experimental, 7(1), 71. DOI: 10.1186/s40635-019-0281-y

    Zoidis, E., Seremelis, I., Kontopoulos, N., & Danezis, G. P. (2018). Selenium-Dependent Antioxidant Enzymes: Actions and Properties of Selenoproteins. Antioxidants (Basel, Switzerland), 7(5), 66. DOI: 10.3390/antiox7050066

    Ferguson, L. R., Karunasinghe, N., Zhu, S., & Wang, A. H. (2012). Selenium and its' role in the maintenance of genomic stability. Mutation research, 733(1-2), 100110. DOI: 10.1016/j.mrfmmm.2011.12.011

    Mangiapane, E., Pessione, A., & Pessione, E. (2014). Selenium and selenoproteins: an overview on different biological systems. Current protein & peptide science, 15(6), 598607. DOI: 10.2174/1389203715666140608151134

    Papp, L. V., Lu, J., Holmgren, A., & Khanna, K. K. (2007). From selenium to selenoproteins: synthesis, identity, and their role in human health. Antioxidants & redox signaling, 9(7), 775806. DOI: 10.1089/ars.2007.1528

    Vitamin B2

    Suwannasom N, Kao I, Pruß A, Georgieva R, Bäumler H. Riboflavin: The Health Benefits of a Forgotten Natural Vitamin. Int J Mol Sci. 2020;21(3):950. Published 2020 Jan 31. doi: 10.3390/ijms21030950

    Saedisomeolia, A., & Ashoori, M. (2018). Riboflavin in Human Health: A Review of Current Evidences. Advances in food and nutrition research, 83, 5781. DOI: 10.1016/bs.afnr.2017.11.002

    Ashoori, M., & Saedisomeolia, A. (2014). Riboflavin (vitamin B) and oxidative stress: a review. The British journal of nutrition, 111(11), 19851991. DOI: 10.1017/S0007114514000178

    Namazi, N., Heshmati, J., & Tarighat-Esfanjani, A. (2015). Supplementation with Riboflavin (Vitamin B2) for Migraine Prophylaxis in Adults and Children: A Review. International journal for vitamin and nutrition research. Internationale Zeitschrift fur Vitamin- und Ernahrungsforschung. Journal international de vitaminologie et de nutrition, 85(1-2), 7987. DOI: 10.1024/0300-9831/a000225

    Rokitzki, L., Sagredos, A., Keck, E., Sauer, B., & Keul, J. (1994). Assessment of vitamin B2 status in performance athletes of various types of sports. Journal of nutritional science and vitaminology, 40(1), 1122. DOI: 10.3177/jnsv.40.11

    Vitamin B6

    Spinneker, A., Sola, R., Lemmen, V., Castillo, M. J., Pietrzik, K., & González-Gross, M. (2007). Vitamin B6 status, deficiency and its consequences--an overview. Nutricion hospitalaria, 22(1), 724. PMID: 17260529

    Bird R. P. (2018). The Emerging Role of Vitamin B6 in Inflammation and Carcinogenesis. Advances in food and nutrition research, 83, 151194. DOI: 10.1016/bs.afnr.2017.11.004

    Rosenberg, J., Ischebeck, T., & Commichau, F. M. (2017). Vitamin B6 metabolism in microbes and approaches for fermentative production. Biotechnology advances, 35(1), 3140. DOI: 10.1016/j.biotechadv.2016.11.004

    Ramos, R. J., Pras-Raves, M. L., Gerrits, J., van der Ham, M., Willemsen, M., Prinsen, H., Burgering, B., Jans, J. J., & Verhoeven-Duif, N. M. (2017). Vitamin B6 is essential for serine de novo biosynthesis. Journal of inherited metabolic disease, 40(6), 883891. DOI: 10.1007/s10545-017-0061-3

    Friso, S., Lotto, V., Corrocher, R., & Choi, S. W. (2012). Vitamin B6 and cardiovascular disease. Sub-cellular biochemistry, 56, 265290. DOI: 10.1007/978-94-007-2199-9_14

    Iqbal, M. P., Ishaq, M., Kazmi, K. A., Yousuf, F. A., Mehboobali, N., Ali, S. A., Khan, A. H., & Waqar, M. A. (2005). Role of vitamins B6, B12 and folic acid on hyperhomocysteinemia in a Pakistani population of patients with acute myocardial infarction. Nutrition, metabolism, and cardiovascular diseases : NMCD, 15(2), 100108. DOI: 10.1016/j.numecd.2004.05.003

    Herrmann, W., Lorenzl, S., & Obeid, R. (2007). Hyperhomocysteinämie und B-Vitaminmangel bei neurologischen und psychiatrischen Erkrankungen--Aktueller Kenntnisstand und vorläufige Empfehlungen [Review of the role of hyperhomocysteinemia and B-vitamin deficiency in neurological and psychiatric disorders--current evidence and preliminary recommendations]. Fortschritte der Neurologie-Psychiatrie, 75(9), 515527. DOI: 10.1055/s-2007-980112

    Vitamin B12

    Lin, C. Y., Kuo, C. S., Lu, C. L., Wu, M. Y., & Huang, R. F. (2010). Elevated serum vitamin B(12) levels in association with tumor markers as the prognostic factors predictive for poor survival in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma. Nutrition and cancer, 62(2), 190197. DOI: 10.1080/01635580903305334

    Majaj A. S. (1966). Vitamin E-responsive macrocytic anemia in protein-calorie malnutrition. Measurements of vitamin E, folic acid, vitamin C, vitamin B12 and iron. The American journal of clinical nutrition, 18(5), 362368. DOI: 10.1093/ajcn/18.5.362

    Kwok, T., Tang, C., Woo, J., Lai, W. K., Law, L. K., & Pang, C. P. (1998). Randomized trial of the effect of supplementation on the cognitive function of older people with subnormal cobalamin levels. International journal of geriatric psychiatry, 13(9), 611616. DOI: 10.1002/(sici)1099-1166(199809)13:9<611::aid-gps832>3.0.co;2-o

    Lonn, E., Yusuf, S., Arnold, M. J., Sheridan, P., Pogue, J., Micks, M., McQueen, M. J., Probstfield, J., Fodor, G., Held, C., Genest, J., Jr, & Heart Outcomes Prevention Evaluation (HOPE) 2 Investigators (2006). Homocysteine lowering with folic acid and B vitamins in vascular disease. The New England journal of medicine, 354(15), 15671577. DOI: 10.1056/NEJMoa060900

    Kwok, T., Lee, J., Law, C. B., Pan, P. C., Yung, C. Y., Choi, K. C., & Lam, L. C. (2011). A randomized placebo controlled trial of homocysteine lowering to reduce cognitive decline in older demented people. Clinical nutrition (Edinburgh, Scotland), 30(3), 297302. DOI: 10.1016/j.clnu.2010.12.004

    Clarke R. (2000). Lowering blood homocysteine with folic acid-based supplements: meta-analysis of randomised trials. Indian heart journal, 52(7 Suppl), S59S64. PMID: 11339443

    Ma, E., Iwasaki, M., Kobayashi, M., Kasuga, Y., Yokoyama, S., Onuma, H., Nishimura, H., Kusama, R., & Tsugane, S. (2009). Dietary intake of folate, vitamin B2, vitamin B6, vitamin B12, genetic polymorphism of related enzymes, and risk of breast cancer: a case-control study in Japan. Nutrition and cancer, 61(4), 447456. DOI: 10.1080/01635580802610123

    Malouf, R., & Areosa Sastre, A. (2003). Vitamin B12 for cognition. The Cochrane database of systematic reviews, (3), CD004326. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD004326

    Malouf, R., & Grimley Evans, J. (2008). Folic acid with or without vitamin B12 for the prevention and treatment of healthy elderly and demented people. The Cochrane database of systematic reviews, (4), CD004514. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD004514.pub2

    McNulty, H., Pentieva, K., Hoey, L., & Ward, M. (2008). Homocysteine, B-vitamins and CVD. The Proceedings of the Nutrition Society, 67(2), 232237. DOI: 10.1017/S0029665108007076

    Chen, K. J., Pan, W. H., Yang, F. L., Wei, I. L., Shaw, N. S., & Lin, B. F. (2005). Association of B vitamins status and homocysteine levels in elderly Taiwanese. Asia Pacific journal of clinical nutrition, 14(3), 250255. PMID: 16169836

    Grass-fed Kidney (Bovine) (BSE-free). Other Ingredients: Methylcellulose Capsule.

    Adults take 3 to 6 capsules daily as directed by a healthcare professional with 8 ounces of water or your favorite beverage. May be taken with or without food.

    CAUTION: Do not exceed recommended dose. Pregnant, nursing mothers, children under 18 and individuals with a known medical condition should consult a physician before using this or any dietary supplement. Please use caution if you have allergies or sensitivities to any of the listed ingredients. Keep out of reach of children and pets. Do not use if safety seal is damaged or missing. Store in a cool dry place. Use this product as a food supplement only. Do not use for weight reduction.

    Beef Kidney

    M. Faber, F.A.M. Wenhold. 16 - Trace elements and oral health. Michael Wilson. In Woodhead Publishing Series in Food Science. Technology and Nutrition. Food Constituents and Oral Health. Woodhead Publishing. 2009. 331-349. 9781845694180. DOI: 10.1533/9781845696290.2.331

    P.A. Tsuji, J.A. Canter, L.E. Rosso. Trace Minerals and Trace Elements. Benjamin Caballero, Paul M. Finglas, Fidel Toldrá. Encyclopedia of Food and Health. Academic Press. 2016. 331-338. 9780123849533. DOI: 10.1016/B978-0-12-384947-2.00699-1

    Sornwichate Rattanachaiwong, Pierre Singer. Diets and Diet Therapy: Trace Elements. Pasquale Ferranti, Elliot M. Berry, Jock R. Anderson. Encyclopedia of Food Security and Sustainability. Elsevier. 2019. 143-160. 9780128126882. DOI: 10.1016/B978-0-08-100596-5.21941-0

    Steven M. Lonergan, David G. Topel, Dennis N. Marple. Chapter 13 - Fresh and cured meat processing and preservation. Steven M. Lonergan, David G. Topel, Dennis N. Marple. The Science of Animal Growth and Meat Technology (Second Edition). Academic Press. 2019. 205-228. 9780128152775. DOI: 10.1016/B978-0-12-815277-5.00013-5

    Martin Kohlmeier. Chapter 11 - Minerals and Trace Elements. Martin Kohlmeier. Nutrient Metabolism (Second Edition). Academic Press. 2015. 673-807. 9780123877840. DOI: 10.1016/B978-0-12-387784-0.00011-0

    H.W. Ockerman, L. Basu. BY-PRODUCTS | Edible, for Human Consumption. Michael Dikeman, Carrick Devine. Encyclopedia of Meat Sciences (Second Edition). Academic Press. 2014. 104-111. 9780123847348. DOI: 10.1016/B978-0-12-384731-7.00031-3

    Robert Heaney. Chapter 42 Osteoporosis. Ann M. Coulston, Cheryl L. Rock, Elaine R. Monsen. Nutrition in the Prevention and Treatment of Disease. Academic Press. 2001. 653-684. 9780121931551. DOI: 10.1016/B978-012193155-1/50044-1

    R.A. Lawrie. Chapter 5 - The conversion of muscle to meat. R.A. Lawrie. In Woodhead Publishing Series in Food Science. Technology and Nutrition. Lawrie's Meat Science (Seventh Edition). Woodhead Publishing. 2006. 128-156. 9781845691592. DOI: 10.1533/9781845691615.128

    Martin Kohlmeier. Chapter 8 - Amino Acids and Nitrogen Compounds. Martin Kohlmeier. Nutrient Metabolism (Second Edition). Academic Press. 2015. 265-477. 9780123877840. DOI: 10.1016/B978-0-12-387784-0.00008-0

    Selenium

    Tinggi U. Selenium: its role as antioxidant in human health. Environ Health Prev Med. 2008;13(2):102-108. doi: 10.1007/s12199-007-0019-4

    Papp, L. V., Holmgren, A., & Khanna, K. K. (2010). Selenium and selenoproteins in health and disease. Antioxidants & redox signaling, 12(7), 793795. DOI: 10.1089/ars.2009.2973

    Touat-Hamici, Z., Legrain, Y., Bulteau, A. L., & Chavatte, L. (2014). Selective up-regulation of human selenoproteins in response to oxidative stress. The Journal of biological chemistry, 289(21), 1475014761. DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M114.551994

    Kurokawa, S., & Berry, M. J. (2013). Selenium. Role of the essential metalloid in health. Metal ions in life sciences, 13, 499534. DOI: 10.1007/978-94-007-7500-8_16

    Hariharan, S., & Dharmaraj, S. (2020). Selenium and selenoproteins: it's role in regulation of inflammation. Inflammopharmacology, 28(3), 667695. DOI: 10.1007/s10787-020-00690-x

    Guillin, O. M., Vindry, C., Ohlmann, T., & Chavatte, L. (2019). Selenium, Selenoproteins and Viral Infection. Nutrients, 11(9), 2101. DOI: 10.3390/nu11092101

    Kuganesan, M., Samra, K., Evans, E., Singer, M., & Dyson, A. (2019). Selenium and hydrogen selenide: essential micronutrient and the fourth gasotransmitter?. Intensive care medicine experimental, 7(1), 71. DOI: 10.1186/s40635-019-0281-y

    Zoidis, E., Seremelis, I., Kontopoulos, N., & Danezis, G. P. (2018). Selenium-Dependent Antioxidant Enzymes: Actions and Properties of Selenoproteins. Antioxidants (Basel, Switzerland), 7(5), 66. DOI: 10.3390/antiox7050066

    Ferguson, L. R., Karunasinghe, N., Zhu, S., & Wang, A. H. (2012). Selenium and its' role in the maintenance of genomic stability. Mutation research, 733(1-2), 100110. DOI: 10.1016/j.mrfmmm.2011.12.011

    Mangiapane, E., Pessione, A., & Pessione, E. (2014). Selenium and selenoproteins: an overview on different biological systems. Current protein & peptide science, 15(6), 598607. DOI: 10.2174/1389203715666140608151134

    Papp, L. V., Lu, J., Holmgren, A., & Khanna, K. K. (2007). From selenium to selenoproteins: synthesis, identity, and their role in human health. Antioxidants & redox signaling, 9(7), 775806. DOI: 10.1089/ars.2007.1528

    Vitamin B2

    Suwannasom N, Kao I, Pruß A, Georgieva R, Bäumler H. Riboflavin: The Health Benefits of a Forgotten Natural Vitamin. Int J Mol Sci. 2020;21(3):950. Published 2020 Jan 31. doi: 10.3390/ijms21030950

    Saedisomeolia, A., & Ashoori, M. (2018). Riboflavin in Human Health: A Review of Current Evidences. Advances in food and nutrition research, 83, 5781. DOI: 10.1016/bs.afnr.2017.11.002

    Ashoori, M., & Saedisomeolia, A. (2014). Riboflavin (vitamin B) and oxidative stress: a review. The British journal of nutrition, 111(11), 19851991. DOI: 10.1017/S0007114514000178

    Namazi, N., Heshmati, J., & Tarighat-Esfanjani, A. (2015). Supplementation with Riboflavin (Vitamin B2) for Migraine Prophylaxis in Adults and Children: A Review. International journal for vitamin and nutrition research. Internationale Zeitschrift fur Vitamin- und Ernahrungsforschung. Journal international de vitaminologie et de nutrition, 85(1-2), 7987. DOI: 10.1024/0300-9831/a000225

    Rokitzki, L., Sagredos, A., Keck, E., Sauer, B., & Keul, J. (1994). Assessment of vitamin B2 status in performance athletes of various types of sports. Journal of nutritional science and vitaminology, 40(1), 1122. DOI: 10.3177/jnsv.40.11

    Vitamin B6

    Spinneker, A., Sola, R., Lemmen, V., Castillo, M. J., Pietrzik, K., & González-Gross, M. (2007). Vitamin B6 status, deficiency and its consequences--an overview. Nutricion hospitalaria, 22(1), 724. PMID: 17260529

    Bird R. P. (2018). The Emerging Role of Vitamin B6 in Inflammation and Carcinogenesis. Advances in food and nutrition research, 83, 151194. DOI: 10.1016/bs.afnr.2017.11.004

    Rosenberg, J., Ischebeck, T., & Commichau, F. M. (2017). Vitamin B6 metabolism in microbes and approaches for fermentative production. Biotechnology advances, 35(1), 3140. DOI: 10.1016/j.biotechadv.2016.11.004

    Ramos, R. J., Pras-Raves, M. L., Gerrits, J., van der Ham, M., Willemsen, M., Prinsen, H., Burgering, B., Jans, J. J., & Verhoeven-Duif, N. M. (2017). Vitamin B6 is essential for serine de novo biosynthesis. Journal of inherited metabolic disease, 40(6), 883891. DOI: 10.1007/s10545-017-0061-3

    Friso, S., Lotto, V., Corrocher, R., & Choi, S. W. (2012). Vitamin B6 and cardiovascular disease. Sub-cellular biochemistry, 56, 265290. DOI: 10.1007/978-94-007-2199-9_14

    Iqbal, M. P., Ishaq, M., Kazmi, K. A., Yousuf, F. A., Mehboobali, N., Ali, S. A., Khan, A. H., & Waqar, M. A. (2005). Role of vitamins B6, B12 and folic acid on hyperhomocysteinemia in a Pakistani population of patients with acute myocardial infarction. Nutrition, metabolism, and cardiovascular diseases : NMCD, 15(2), 100108. DOI: 10.1016/j.numecd.2004.05.003

    Herrmann, W., Lorenzl, S., & Obeid, R. (2007). Hyperhomocysteinämie und B-Vitaminmangel bei neurologischen und psychiatrischen Erkrankungen--Aktueller Kenntnisstand und vorläufige Empfehlungen [Review of the role of hyperhomocysteinemia and B-vitamin deficiency in neurological and psychiatric disorders--current evidence and preliminary recommendations]. Fortschritte der Neurologie-Psychiatrie, 75(9), 515527. DOI: 10.1055/s-2007-980112

    Vitamin B12

    Lin, C. Y., Kuo, C. S., Lu, C. L., Wu, M. Y., & Huang, R. F. (2010). Elevated serum vitamin B(12) levels in association with tumor markers as the prognostic factors predictive for poor survival in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma. Nutrition and cancer, 62(2), 190197. DOI: 10.1080/01635580903305334

    Majaj A. S. (1966). Vitamin E-responsive macrocytic anemia in protein-calorie malnutrition. Measurements of vitamin E, folic acid, vitamin C, vitamin B12 and iron. The American journal of clinical nutrition, 18(5), 362368. DOI: 10.1093/ajcn/18.5.362

    Kwok, T., Tang, C., Woo, J., Lai, W. K., Law, L. K., & Pang, C. P. (1998). Randomized trial of the effect of supplementation on the cognitive function of older people with subnormal cobalamin levels. International journal of geriatric psychiatry, 13(9), 611616. DOI: 10.1002/(sici)1099-1166(199809)13:9<611::aid-gps832>3.0.co;2-o

    Lonn, E., Yusuf, S., Arnold, M. J., Sheridan, P., Pogue, J., Micks, M., McQueen, M. J., Probstfield, J., Fodor, G., Held, C., Genest, J., Jr, & Heart Outcomes Prevention Evaluation (HOPE) 2 Investigators (2006). Homocysteine lowering with folic acid and B vitamins in vascular disease. The New England journal of medicine, 354(15), 15671577. DOI: 10.1056/NEJMoa060900

    Kwok, T., Lee, J., Law, C. B., Pan, P. C., Yung, C. Y., Choi, K. C., & Lam, L. C. (2011). A randomized placebo controlled trial of homocysteine lowering to reduce cognitive decline in older demented people. Clinical nutrition (Edinburgh, Scotland), 30(3), 297302. DOI: 10.1016/j.clnu.2010.12.004

    Clarke R. (2000). Lowering blood homocysteine with folic acid-based supplements: meta-analysis of randomised trials. Indian heart journal, 52(7 Suppl), S59S64. PMID: 11339443

    Ma, E., Iwasaki, M., Kobayashi, M., Kasuga, Y., Yokoyama, S., Onuma, H., Nishimura, H., Kusama, R., & Tsugane, S. (2009). Dietary intake of folate, vitamin B2, vitamin B6, vitamin B12, genetic polymorphism of related enzymes, and risk of breast cancer: a case-control study in Japan. Nutrition and cancer, 61(4), 447456. DOI: 10.1080/01635580802610123

    Malouf, R., & Areosa Sastre, A. (2003). Vitamin B12 for cognition. The Cochrane database of systematic reviews, (3), CD004326. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD004326

    Malouf, R., & Grimley Evans, J. (2008). Folic acid with or without vitamin B12 for the prevention and treatment of healthy elderly and demented people. The Cochrane database of systematic reviews, (4), CD004514. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD004514.pub2

    McNulty, H., Pentieva, K., Hoey, L., & Ward, M. (2008). Homocysteine, B-vitamins and CVD. The Proceedings of the Nutrition Society, 67(2), 232237. DOI: 10.1017/S0029665108007076

    Chen, K. J., Pan, W. H., Yang, F. L., Wei, I. L., Shaw, N. S., & Lin, B. F. (2005). Association of B vitamins status and homocysteine levels in elderly Taiwanese. Asia Pacific journal of clinical nutrition, 14(3), 250255. PMID: 16169836

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    BT
    09/14/2022
    brandie t.
    United States

    Great product

    Great quality Highly recommended

    PH
    09/13/2022
    Pat H.
    United States United States

    Beef Kidney Pills

    Love this product. Have no more fluid retention & no longer take diuretics. My kidneys have improved accordingly to my blood test scores!

    BT
    08/21/2022
    Brandie T.
    United States United States

    Great quality

    Great clean quality pure product .I highly recommend

    LW
    07/11/2022
    Louise W.
    United States United States

    Feel good

    It’s help my energy to be better between kidney and Liver I feel better.

    LP
    07/08/2022
    Lisa P.
    United States United States

    It seems to reduce my burning face. I am very pleased with the product

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